Lenses were obtained from the eyes of four different classes of Chordates, including Mammalia (rat, mouse, cow, human), Aves (chicken), Amphibia (tiger salamander), and Osteichthyes (steelhead), as well as from one Mollusca (squid). Buffer soluble, urea soluble and urea insoluble fractions were prepared from each, and probed by western blot analysis for the presence of the lens fiber cell 115 and 49 kD beaded filament proteins. Application of both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies revealed that an immunologic homologue to the bovine fiber cell 115 kD protein is present in all examples of Chordates tested, and that this homologue possessed properties very similar to those of its bovine counterpart. Both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies revealed an immunologically cross-reactive homologue in squid as well, but suggested that the squid protein had a native molecular weight of closer to 70-80 kD. A monoclonal antibody to the bovine 49 kD beaded filament protein was successful at identifying an immunologic homologue to this protein in mouse, chicken, and tiger salamander. Ultrastructural analysis of rat, human, and fish lenses showed that a beaded filament was present in these lenses, which was indistinguishable from that seen in the bovine lens. In the squid a filamentous, beaded structure was observed, but it differed from that seen in the bovine lens. We conclude from the data presented that the beaded filament, and its constituent proteins, are well-conserved. This data should facilitate the identification of lens cytoskeletal proteins and structure in a wide range of animal models, and establish that probes for these proteins may be of broad applicability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience