Immunologic and hematologic effects of neuroendocrine hormones: Studies on DW/J dwarf mice

William J Murphy, Scott K. Durum, Miriam R. Anver, Dan L. Longo

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127 Scopus citations


DW/J dwarf mice lack acidophilic anterior pituitary cells and are deficient in growth hormone and other neuroendocrine mediators. These mice were examined to determine the effects of these deficiencies on hematopoietic and immune system development. Previous studies have suggested that these mice had immunologic defects primarily involving T cell development. However, we have found that these mice exhibit decreased peripheral blood cell counts affecting all lineages (erythrocytic, leukocytic, and platelets). Examination of lymphoid tissues of dwarf mice indicated that their spleens were hypoplastic. Treatment of these mice with recombinant human growth hormone resulted in a significant improvement of peripheral blood counts and spleen cell number. Analysis of the bone marrow indicated a profound deficiency of B cell progenitors in the dwarf mice. However, in untreated dwarf mice, mature B cells and T cells were observed in the spleens. Although treatment with recombinant human growth hormone could correct the hematopoietic deficiencies in these mice, it did not restore the B cell progenitor populations, suggesting that an absence of growth hormone is not solely responsible for this deficiency. Thus, these mice display significant myeloid and lymphoid deficiencies that have been previously undetected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3799-3805
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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