Immunohistochemical detection of Clostridia species in paraffin-embedded tissues of experimentally inoculated guinea pigs

Ronnie A. Assis, Francisco C F Lobato, Rogéria Serakides, Renato L. Santos, Guilherme R C Dias, Ricardo A P Nascimento, Vera L V Abreu, Patrícia M. Parreiras, Francisco A Uzal

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Blackleg is caused by Clostridium chauvoei, whereas malignant oedema is caused by C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii, C. perfringens type A, and/or C. novyi type A. Anti-C. chauvoei, anti-C. septicum, anti-C. sordellii and anti-C. novyi type A polyclonal antibodies were produced in rabbits and purified in a column of DEAE-cellulose. Aliquots of the antisera were conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate and the remaining was used for the streptavidin biotin peroxidase technique (SBPT). SBPT was standardized to detect C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii and C. novyi type A in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of guinea pigs. SBPT was compared to a fluorescent antibody technique (FAT). Sections and smears of muscle from inoculation area (MIA), heart, liver, spleen and kidney, were obtained for both SBPT and FAT. Cross-reactions between the different Clostridial species were not observed. C. chauvoei and C. septicum were detected in all specimens from the animals inoculated with these microorganisms, while only sections of muscle obtained from all the animals inoculated with C. sordellii and C. novyi type A were positive. The same results observed by the SBPT, were obtained on tissue smears of these microorganisms stained by the FAT. The results indicate that SBPT is suitable for detection of C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii and C. novyi type A in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of guinea pigs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-8
Number of pages5
JournalPesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira
Volume25
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Blackleg
  • Clostridia
  • Fluorescent antibody technique
  • Guinea pigs
  • Malignant oedema
  • Streptavidin biotin peroxidase technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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    Assis, R. A., Lobato, F. C. F., Serakides, R., Santos, R. L., Dias, G. R. C., Nascimento, R. A. P., Abreu, V. L. V., Parreiras, P. M., & Uzal, F. A. (2005). Immunohistochemical detection of Clostridia species in paraffin-embedded tissues of experimentally inoculated guinea pigs. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira, 25(1), 4-8.