Immunodominant proteins of Sarcocystis cruzi bradyzoites isolated from cattle affected or nonaffected with eosinophilic myositis.

D. E. Granstrom, R. K. Ridley, Y. Baoan, Laurel J Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sarcocystis cruzi sarcocysts were isolated from eosinophilic myositis (EM)-affected and nonaffected bovine hearts. Isolates were ruptured and used to prepare a bradyzoite antigen extract from each heart. The nonaffected heart from one newborn calf contained no apparent sarcocysts when examined histologically and was used to prepare Sarcocystis-negative control antigen. Blood samples were taken from the heart approximately 20 minutes after slaughter. Serum was obtained and evaluated, using a radioimmunoassay to measure Sarcocystis-specific IgG and IgE titers. Sarcocystis cruzi extract from a heart without EM lesions was used for antigen in the radioimmunoassay. Sarcocystis-specific IgG titer ranged between 1:1,280 and 1:2,560 in EM-affected cattle and was 1:640 in non-affected cattle. Sarcocystis-specific IgE titer ranged between 1:640 and 1:1,280 in EM-affected and nonaffected cattle. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and protein (western) immunoblot analysis were used to compare antigen extracts and serum samples from EM-affected vs nonaffected cattle. Twenty protein bands, ranging from approximately 22 to 215 kD, were detected consistently on bradyzoite blots probed with anti-bovine IgG after incubation with serum samples. Seven of these bands, 37, 44, 53, 57, 94, 113, and 215 kD, were also detected consistently on bradyzoite blots probed with monoclonal anti-bovine IgE. One additional band, 61 kD, was detected consistently on bradyzoite blots probed for IgE, but was seldom recognized when probed for IgG. Sixteen protein bands were evident in silver-stained gels of S cruzi-negative, newborn calf antigen, but none were recognized by antisera on western blots.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1151-1155
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume51
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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