Immune Responses to HIV in the Female Reproductive Tract, Immunologic Parallels with the Gastrointestinal Tract, and Research Implications

Barbara Shacklett, Ruth M. Greenblatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Citation Shacklett BL, Greenblatt RM. Immune responses to HIV in the female reproductive tract, immunologic parallels with the gastrointestinal tract, and research implications. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 230-241 The female reproductive tract is a major site of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and susceptibility to HIV infection, yet the tissue site(s) of infection and the impact of HIV infection on this important mucosal tissue remain poorly understood. CD4+ T cells and other cell types expressing the major coreceptors for HIV, CCR5, and CXCR4 are abundant in both the lower reproductive tract (endocervix and vagina) and the upper tract (endocervix and uterus) and are highly susceptible to infection. Antiviral defenses in the female reproductive tract are mediated by a variety of soluble factors and by mucosal effector cells that differ phenotypically from their counterparts in blood. The immunologic characteristics of the female reproductive tract parallel those of the gut, where major HIV-related immunologic injury occurs. The susceptibility of the female reproductive tract to HIV infection and immunopathogenesis suggests important new avenues for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-241
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Gastrointestinal Tract
HIV
HIV Infections
Research
Mucous Membrane
Lymphoid Tissue
Vagina
Infection
Uterus
Antiviral Agents
T-Lymphocytes
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Cytotoxic T cell
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • HIV
  • Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
  • Natural killer cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

Cite this

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abstract = "Citation Shacklett BL, Greenblatt RM. Immune responses to HIV in the female reproductive tract, immunologic parallels with the gastrointestinal tract, and research implications. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 230-241 The female reproductive tract is a major site of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and susceptibility to HIV infection, yet the tissue site(s) of infection and the impact of HIV infection on this important mucosal tissue remain poorly understood. CD4+ T cells and other cell types expressing the major coreceptors for HIV, CCR5, and CXCR4 are abundant in both the lower reproductive tract (endocervix and vagina) and the upper tract (endocervix and uterus) and are highly susceptible to infection. Antiviral defenses in the female reproductive tract are mediated by a variety of soluble factors and by mucosal effector cells that differ phenotypically from their counterparts in blood. The immunologic characteristics of the female reproductive tract parallel those of the gut, where major HIV-related immunologic injury occurs. The susceptibility of the female reproductive tract to HIV infection and immunopathogenesis suggests important new avenues for further research.",
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N2 - Citation Shacklett BL, Greenblatt RM. Immune responses to HIV in the female reproductive tract, immunologic parallels with the gastrointestinal tract, and research implications. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 230-241 The female reproductive tract is a major site of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and susceptibility to HIV infection, yet the tissue site(s) of infection and the impact of HIV infection on this important mucosal tissue remain poorly understood. CD4+ T cells and other cell types expressing the major coreceptors for HIV, CCR5, and CXCR4 are abundant in both the lower reproductive tract (endocervix and vagina) and the upper tract (endocervix and uterus) and are highly susceptible to infection. Antiviral defenses in the female reproductive tract are mediated by a variety of soluble factors and by mucosal effector cells that differ phenotypically from their counterparts in blood. The immunologic characteristics of the female reproductive tract parallel those of the gut, where major HIV-related immunologic injury occurs. The susceptibility of the female reproductive tract to HIV infection and immunopathogenesis suggests important new avenues for further research.

AB - Citation Shacklett BL, Greenblatt RM. Immune responses to HIV in the female reproductive tract, immunologic parallels with the gastrointestinal tract, and research implications. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 230-241 The female reproductive tract is a major site of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and susceptibility to HIV infection, yet the tissue site(s) of infection and the impact of HIV infection on this important mucosal tissue remain poorly understood. CD4+ T cells and other cell types expressing the major coreceptors for HIV, CCR5, and CXCR4 are abundant in both the lower reproductive tract (endocervix and vagina) and the upper tract (endocervix and uterus) and are highly susceptible to infection. Antiviral defenses in the female reproductive tract are mediated by a variety of soluble factors and by mucosal effector cells that differ phenotypically from their counterparts in blood. The immunologic characteristics of the female reproductive tract parallel those of the gut, where major HIV-related immunologic injury occurs. The susceptibility of the female reproductive tract to HIV infection and immunopathogenesis suggests important new avenues for further research.

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