Nucleotide sequence analysis of selected regions of the gag, pol, env and pX genes of simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (STLV-I) strains indicated that African isolates were more closely related to human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) than Asian isolates. Despite these recent comparative studies on nucleotide sequence homology between HTLV-I and STLV-I isolates, only limited information is available regarding the influence of genetic differences on antigen-antibody recognition of distinct STLV-I strains. In this study, we demonstrated that sera from STLV-I-infected yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) reacted strongly with env gp62/68 from HTLV-I-infected cell lines MT-2 and C10/MJ. In contrast, sera from Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) naturally infected with Asian STLV-I had weak reactivity to env gp62/68 of these prototypic HTLV-I strains. Pst-1 restriction enzyme analysis of proviral DNA indicated that the baboon virus isolates were more closely related to HTLV-I than the Japanese isolates. These results indicate that nucleotide sequence diversity, correlates with variations in proviral restriction enzyme sites and antibody recognition of viral envelope proteins. These differences in immunoreactivity may have important implications for serologic diagnosis, as well as epidemiological and vaccine studies of STLV-I infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology