Immune-mediated cholangiohepatitis in neonatally thymectomized mice: The role of T cells and analysis of T-cell receptor Vβ usage

Yasuyuki Aisaka, Yasuyuki Watanabe, Masaya Kamiyasu, Toshiyuki Masanaga, Keiji Tsuji, Toshio Nakanishi, Goro Kajiyama, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously reported the induction of immune-mediated cholangiohepatitis following injection of a hybrid recombinant proteins containing the E2 of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDC-E2) and the branched-chain keto-acid dehydrogenase (BCOADC-E2) to neonatally thymectomized (Tx) A/J mice. Further, we demonstrated that intrahepatic infiltrating mononuclear cells could transfer pathology to other Tx mice. To further our observations, we examined intrahepatic infiltrating mononuclear cells by flow cytometry and used cell transfer experiments to identify the phenotype involved. Interestingly, following immunization of neonatally Tx A/J mice and immunization with the bihybrid molecule, the number of CD3+infiltrating mononuclear cells were significantly higher (77.8%) compared with the control group. There was a small although not significant increase among intrahepatic infiltrating mononuclear cells and splenic cells of Vβ 5.1,5.2+, Vβ7+and Vβ17+. In addition, Vβ14+cells accounted for 20.4% of the infiltrating T-cells (P<0.01 vs. the control group). In further experiments, CD3+, CD4+or CD8+cells were isolated and removed from intrahepatic infiltrating mononuclear cells and subpopulations of mononuclear cells transferred to Tx mice. Both CD3+CD4+cells and CD3+CD8+cells are required for development of the lesion, and the damage is mediated by CD3+Vβ14+cells. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-246
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Autoimmune cholangitis
  • Bile duct
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • T cell receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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