Imaging diagnosis-arterial and venous thromboses of the proximal limb in two thoroughbred racehorses

Mary E Vaughan, Mary B Whitcomb, Sarah M. Puchalski, Amy E. Poulin-Braim, Jorge Nieto, Larry D Galuppo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thromboses of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and brachial, median, and cranial circumflex humeral arteries (Horse 2) were identified as causes of unilateral lameness in two Thoroughbred racehorses. Nuclear scintigraphy was performed for suspicion of long bone stress fractures but instead allowed identification of unusual areas of increased radiopharmaceutical uptake within soft tissues of the affected limbs. Ultrasonography of these regions allowed identification of occlusive thrombi within a 25 cm length of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and variable lengths of affected arteries in Horse 2. Horse 1 developed secondary infections and was euthanized. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from all sites. The cause of thrombosis was not identified in Horse 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

racehorses
thrombosis
limbs (animal)
Venous Thrombosis
Horses
Extremities
image analysis
horses
Thrombosis
arteries
Veins
Arteries
stress fractures
Stress Fractures
scintigraphy
Radiopharmaceuticals
Bone Fractures
Coinfection
lameness
Radionuclide Imaging

Keywords

  • Brachial
  • Cranial tibial
  • Lameness
  • Median artery
  • Nuclear scintigraphy
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Imaging diagnosis-arterial and venous thromboses of the proximal limb in two thoroughbred racehorses. / Vaughan, Mary E; Whitcomb, Mary B; Puchalski, Sarah M.; Poulin-Braim, Amy E.; Nieto, Jorge; Galuppo, Larry D.

In: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound, Vol. 51, No. 3, 05.2010, p. 305-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{54a8a82226674e0cbe036a158e2f4c79,
title = "Imaging diagnosis-arterial and venous thromboses of the proximal limb in two thoroughbred racehorses",
abstract = "Thromboses of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and brachial, median, and cranial circumflex humeral arteries (Horse 2) were identified as causes of unilateral lameness in two Thoroughbred racehorses. Nuclear scintigraphy was performed for suspicion of long bone stress fractures but instead allowed identification of unusual areas of increased radiopharmaceutical uptake within soft tissues of the affected limbs. Ultrasonography of these regions allowed identification of occlusive thrombi within a 25 cm length of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and variable lengths of affected arteries in Horse 2. Horse 1 developed secondary infections and was euthanized. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from all sites. The cause of thrombosis was not identified in Horse 2.",
keywords = "Brachial, Cranial tibial, Lameness, Median artery, Nuclear scintigraphy, Ultrasound",
author = "Vaughan, {Mary E} and Whitcomb, {Mary B} and Puchalski, {Sarah M.} and Poulin-Braim, {Amy E.} and Jorge Nieto and Galuppo, {Larry D}",
year = "2010",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1111/j.1740-8261.2009.01654.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "305--310",
journal = "Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound",
issn = "1058-8183",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Imaging diagnosis-arterial and venous thromboses of the proximal limb in two thoroughbred racehorses

AU - Vaughan, Mary E

AU - Whitcomb, Mary B

AU - Puchalski, Sarah M.

AU - Poulin-Braim, Amy E.

AU - Nieto, Jorge

AU - Galuppo, Larry D

PY - 2010/5

Y1 - 2010/5

N2 - Thromboses of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and brachial, median, and cranial circumflex humeral arteries (Horse 2) were identified as causes of unilateral lameness in two Thoroughbred racehorses. Nuclear scintigraphy was performed for suspicion of long bone stress fractures but instead allowed identification of unusual areas of increased radiopharmaceutical uptake within soft tissues of the affected limbs. Ultrasonography of these regions allowed identification of occlusive thrombi within a 25 cm length of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and variable lengths of affected arteries in Horse 2. Horse 1 developed secondary infections and was euthanized. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from all sites. The cause of thrombosis was not identified in Horse 2.

AB - Thromboses of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and brachial, median, and cranial circumflex humeral arteries (Horse 2) were identified as causes of unilateral lameness in two Thoroughbred racehorses. Nuclear scintigraphy was performed for suspicion of long bone stress fractures but instead allowed identification of unusual areas of increased radiopharmaceutical uptake within soft tissues of the affected limbs. Ultrasonography of these regions allowed identification of occlusive thrombi within a 25 cm length of the cranial tibial vein (Horse 1) and variable lengths of affected arteries in Horse 2. Horse 1 developed secondary infections and was euthanized. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from all sites. The cause of thrombosis was not identified in Horse 2.

KW - Brachial

KW - Cranial tibial

KW - Lameness

KW - Median artery

KW - Nuclear scintigraphy

KW - Ultrasound

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77953140668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77953140668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2009.01654.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2009.01654.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 20469553

AN - SCOPUS:77953140668

VL - 51

SP - 305

EP - 310

JO - Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound

JF - Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound

SN - 1058-8183

IS - 3

ER -