Image-guided tumor ablation: Standardization of terminology and reporting criteria

S. Nahum Goldberg, Clement J. Grassi, John F. Cardella, J. William Charboneau, Gerald D. Dodd, Damian E. Dupuy, Debra Gervais, Alice R. Gillams, Robert A. Kane, Fred T. Lee, Tito Livraghi, John P McGahan, David A. Phillips, Hyunchul Rhim, Stuart G. Silverman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

255 Scopus citations


The field of interventional oncology with use of image-guided tumor ablation requires standardization of terminology and reporting criteria to facilitate effective communication of ideas and appropriate comparison between treatments that use different technologies, such as chemical (ethanol or acetic acid) ablation, and thermal therapies, such as radiofrequency (RF), laser, microwave, ultrasound, and cryoablation. This document provides a framework that will hopefully facilitate the clearest communication between investigators and will provide the greatest flexibility in comparison between the many new, exciting, and emerging technologies. An appropriate vehicle for reporting the various aspects of image-guided ablation therapy, including classification of therapies and procedure terms, appropriate descriptors of imaging guidance, and terminology to define imaging and pathologic findings, are outlined. Methods for standardizing the reporting of follow-up findings and complications and other important aspects that require attention when reporting clinical results are addressed. It is the group's intention that adherence to the recommendations will facilitate achievement of the group's main objective: improved precision and communication in this field that lead to more accurate comparison of technologies and results and, ultimately, to improved patient outcomes. The intent of this standardization of terminology is to provide an appropriate vehicle for reporting the various aspects of image-guided ablation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-778
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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