IgE responses to bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 11 after immunization with inactivated BTV and challenge infection

Anselmo C. Odeón, Laurel J Gershwin, Bennie Osburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

To test the hypothesis that development of a BTV-specific IgE response plays a role in clinical disease manifestation, the humoral immune response of cattle to inactivated and virulent BTV was studied. Three calves received three sensitizing immunizations of inactivated BTV, 3 weeks apart. The BTV-sensitized animals, two non-sensitized BTV-seropositive and 4 BTV-seronegative control cattle, were challenge-exposed with BTV-11, UC8 strain. All cattle inoculated with inactivated BTV developed group-specific non-neutralizing and serotype-specific neutralizing antibodies. The development of post-challenge-exposure neutralizing antibody titers was inversely correlated with protective immunity. None of the BTV-challenged animals showed clinical disease. The levels of IgE were greatest in the sensitized calves after virus challenge in comparison with control groups. The sequential development, specificity and intensity of virus protein-specific humoral responses were evaluated using immunostaining. After challenge exposure of BTV-sensitized and non-sensitized cattle, total and IgE antibodies reacted consistently with BTV structural proteins VP2, VP5 and VP7. Although no correlation was found between clinical disease and IgE, results add support to the hypothesis that IgE may be involved in the pathogenesis of clinical disease, since infection with BTV causes an increase in serum IgE levels. However, these results suggest that the levels of virus-specific reactivity may be an important factor in determining whether or not clinical disease manifestation occurs. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-162
Number of pages18
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1999

Keywords

  • Bluetongue virus
  • Humoral immunity, bovine
  • IgE
  • Type 1 hypersensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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