IgE receptor-mediated depolarization of rat basophilic leukemia cells measured with the fluorescent probe bis-oxonol

Frederick C Mohr, C. Fewtrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Receptor-mediated changes in plasma membrane potential were recorded in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells with the potential-sensitive fluorescent indicator bis-oxonol. Depolarization of the mitochondria with metabolic inhibitors was not detected by bis-oxonol, suggesting that only potential changes across the plasma membrane were being measured. The resting membrane potential of RBL cells was largely generated by the equilibrium distribution of K+ and not through electrogenic activity of the sodium pump. Depolarization was maintained as long as IgE receptors remained aggregated. We believe that at physiologic calcium concentrations a large portion of the measured potential change may be due to calcium influx across the plasma membrane. Prevention of calcium influx by lanthanum, disruption of aggregated receptors, or prior depolarization in a high K+ saline solution completely inhibited the antigen-induced depolarization. The time course of the antigen-stimulated increase in bis-oxonol fluorescence was similar, but not identical, to the antigen-stimulated rise in cytoplasmic free ionized calcium measured with fura-2. Antigen-stimulated depolarization was inhibited by removing both calcium and sodium and could be restored by the addition of either ion. Reduction of total cellular adenosine triphosphate inhibited depolarization in response to antigen stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1564-1570
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume138
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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IgE Receptors
Fluorescent Dyes
Leukemia
Calcium
Antigens
Cell Membrane
Membrane Potentials
Lanthanum
Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase
Fura-2
Sodium Chloride
Mitochondria
Adenosine Triphosphate
Fluorescence
Sodium
bis(1,3-diethylthiobarbiturate)trimethineoxonol
Ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

IgE receptor-mediated depolarization of rat basophilic leukemia cells measured with the fluorescent probe bis-oxonol. / Mohr, Frederick C; Fewtrell, C.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 138, No. 5, 1987, p. 1564-1570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Receptor-mediated changes in plasma membrane potential were recorded in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells with the potential-sensitive fluorescent indicator bis-oxonol. Depolarization of the mitochondria with metabolic inhibitors was not detected by bis-oxonol, suggesting that only potential changes across the plasma membrane were being measured. The resting membrane potential of RBL cells was largely generated by the equilibrium distribution of K+ and not through electrogenic activity of the sodium pump. Depolarization was maintained as long as IgE receptors remained aggregated. We believe that at physiologic calcium concentrations a large portion of the measured potential change may be due to calcium influx across the plasma membrane. Prevention of calcium influx by lanthanum, disruption of aggregated receptors, or prior depolarization in a high K+ saline solution completely inhibited the antigen-induced depolarization. The time course of the antigen-stimulated increase in bis-oxonol fluorescence was similar, but not identical, to the antigen-stimulated rise in cytoplasmic free ionized calcium measured with fura-2. Antigen-stimulated depolarization was inhibited by removing both calcium and sodium and could be restored by the addition of either ion. Reduction of total cellular adenosine triphosphate inhibited depolarization in response to antigen stimulation.

AB - Receptor-mediated changes in plasma membrane potential were recorded in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells with the potential-sensitive fluorescent indicator bis-oxonol. Depolarization of the mitochondria with metabolic inhibitors was not detected by bis-oxonol, suggesting that only potential changes across the plasma membrane were being measured. The resting membrane potential of RBL cells was largely generated by the equilibrium distribution of K+ and not through electrogenic activity of the sodium pump. Depolarization was maintained as long as IgE receptors remained aggregated. We believe that at physiologic calcium concentrations a large portion of the measured potential change may be due to calcium influx across the plasma membrane. Prevention of calcium influx by lanthanum, disruption of aggregated receptors, or prior depolarization in a high K+ saline solution completely inhibited the antigen-induced depolarization. The time course of the antigen-stimulated increase in bis-oxonol fluorescence was similar, but not identical, to the antigen-stimulated rise in cytoplasmic free ionized calcium measured with fura-2. Antigen-stimulated depolarization was inhibited by removing both calcium and sodium and could be restored by the addition of either ion. Reduction of total cellular adenosine triphosphate inhibited depolarization in response to antigen stimulation.

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