Effect of IgE peptide-specific CTL on IgE antibody production was studied in mouse models. CTL elicited in B6.A2Kb tg mice against a human IgE peptide nonamer, pWV, lysed human IgE-secreting U266 myeloma cells and inhibit IgE production by these cells. U266 transfected with mouse A2Kb transgene (U266-A2Kb) were optimally lysed by these CTL, because the α3 domain of A2Kb interacts well with the CD8 co-receptors. The CTL generated were more effective in inhibiting IgE production by U266-A2Kb cells than lysing these cells. IgE production by and progression of U266 myeloma were suppressed in B6.A2Kb tg mice rendered tolerant to these cells and vaccinated with pWV along with CpG. We also studied the CTL response elicited in wild-type mice by a mouse nonameric IgE peptide, PI-1, along with CpG. This treatment caused a transient suppression of the IgE response in mice previously sensitized to an antigen. In mice treated with this regimen repeatedly, the IgE response was fully recovered 20 days after each treatment. Notably, while IgE peptide/CpG-treated mice remained unresponsive to antigen challenge in vivo, antigen-specific IgE production can be elicited by antigen in cultured splenocytes from these mice. Moreover, IgE peptide/CpG also inhibited an on-going IgE response, including IgE production by bone marrow cells. Taken together, these observations indicate that a CTL-based IgE peptide vaccine targeting IgE-secreting B/plasma cells may be safely employed as a therapeutic approach for suppressing IgE production.
- Natural human IgE peptide
- Pan-IgE peptide human vaccine
- Transient IgE suppression
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