Idiopathic effusive pericarditis with tamponade in the horse

J. F. FREESTONE, W. P. THOMAS, Gary Carlson, G. W. BRUMBAUGH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pericarditis and pericardial effusion are considered to occur rarely in the horse. The clinical and laboratory features of idiopathic pericarditis with effusion diagnosed in 10 horses over a seven‐year period were reviewed. Consistent physical findings included tachycardia, ventral oedema, jugular venous distention and diminished heart sounds. Electrocardiographic features included diminished voltages and electrical alternans, and the effusion was identified by echocardiography in the six horses in which it was performed. Pericardiocentesis relieved clinical signs in nine horses. Laboratory anaylsis of pericardial fluid samples classified six cases as aseptic serofibrinous, three cases as eosinophilic, and one case as histiocytic. One horse died and three were destroyed. The remaining six horses recovered following pericardiocentesis (performed once or twice) with or without corticosteroid treatment, and were alive one month to seven years after diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-42
Number of pages5
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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