South Africans of Indian origin have a high frequency of Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH). Fibroblasts from a South African Indian FH homozygote, D, expressed about 30% of the normal number of LDL receptors. These receptors showed defective LDL binding. Sequence and haplotype analysis revealed that D had two different mutant LDL receptor alleles: FH Durban-1 is a point mutation [asp69(GAT) to tyr(TAT)] in ligand-binding repeat 2 and FH Durban-2 is a point mutation [glu119GAG) to lys(AAG)] in ligand-binding repeat three of the LDL receptor. Single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis, which was used in the initial detection of these mutations, was also employed for subsequent population screening assays. These mutations were not detected in amy of the South African Indian FH of hypercholesterolemic patients that were screened.
- Familial hypercholesterolemia
- LDL receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Molecular Medicine