Identification of proteins adducted by reactive naphthalene metabolites in vitro

Margaret A. Isbell, Dexter Morin, Bridget Boland, Alan R Buckpitt, Michelle Salemi, Jack Presley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Metabolic activation of inert chemicals to electrophilic intermediates has been correlated with the incidence and severity of cytotoxicity. The current studies have identified several proteins adducted by reactive metabolites of the lung toxicant, naphthalene. Proteins isolated from microsomal incubations of 14C-naphthalene were separated by 2-DE, proteins were blotted to PVDF membranes and radioactive proteins were localized by storage phosphor analysis. Adducted proteins were isolated from complimentary gels and identified by peptide mass mapping. A total of 18 adducted proteins were identified including: protein disulfide isomerase precursor, ER-60 protease, alpha actin, mouse urinary proteins, and cytochrome b5 reductase. In supernatant fractions, protein disulfide isomerase, heat shock protein 70, and α-actin were key proteins to which reactive naphthalene metabolites were bound. All of the proteins adducted, with the exception of cytochrome b5 reductase were sulfhydryl rich. Although several of the proteins found to be adducted in these studies have also been shown to be adducted by other electrophiles, several others have not been reported as common targets of reactive metabolites. These studies provide a basis for both in situ and in vivo work designed to follow the fate and formation of reactive metabolite protein adducts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4197-4204
Number of pages8
Issue number16
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Cytotoxicity
  • Electrophilic metabolites
  • Lung
  • Naphthalene
  • P450 monooxygenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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