Identification of novel Bartonella spp. in bats and evidence of Asian gray shrew as a new potential reservoir of Bartonella

Jen Wei Lin, Yuan Man Hsu, Bruno B Chomel, Liang Kong Lin, Jai Chyi Pei, Sheng Hai Wu, Chao Chin Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many studies indicated that small mammals are important reservoirs for Bartonella species. Using molecular methods, several studies have documented that bats could harbor Bartonella. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of Bartonella spp. identified in bats and small mammals living in the same ecological environment. During May 2009 and March 2010, a total of 102 blood specimens were collected. By whole blood culture and molecular identification, a total of 6 bats, 1 rodent and 9 shrews were shown to be infected by Bartonella species. After sequencing and phylogenetic analyses of the sequences of gltA, ftsZ, rpoB and ribC genes, these specific isolates from bats were not similar to the known Bartonella species (the similarity values were less than 91.2%, 90.5%, 88.8%, and 82.2%, respectively); these isolates formed an independent clade away from other known Bartonella type strains. The Bartonella spp. isolated from small mammals, which were closely related to Bartonella tribocorum, Bartonella elizabethae, Bartonella grahamii, Bartonella rattimassiliensis and Bartonella queenslandensis, were similar to the findings in previous studies worldwide. Therefore, the results implied that the species of Bartonella strains isolated from small mammals were different from those identified in bats. Our results strongly suggested that the bat isolate could be a new Bartonella species. This study is also the first one to isolate Bartonella organisms from Asian gray shrews, Crocidura attenuata tanakae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume156
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2012

Keywords

  • Bartonella
  • Crocidura attenuata tanakae
  • Miniopterus schreibersii
  • Rattus coxinga niviventer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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