Identification and cloning of ELF-1, a developmentally expressed ligand for the Mek4 and Sek receptor tyrosine kinases

Hwai-Jong Cheng, John G. Flanagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

321 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mek4 and Sek are tyrosine kinases with expression patterns in the mouse embryo that suggest important functions in early development. However, like all Eph family kinases, both were identified as orphan receptors without known ligands. We show that Mek4 and Sek soluble receptor-alkaline phosphatase fusion proteins can be used in a procedure termed RAP in situ to identify regions of ligand expression in the mouse embryo. Based on this spatial information, a cDNA expression library was prepared, and was screened with the fusion proteins to identify Eph ligand family-1 (ELF-1). In cell lines and embryos, ELF-1 is membrane bound by a phosphatidylinositol tail, a feature that may account for unique biological functions. Its sequence is homologous with B61, a ligand for the Eck kinase, defining a family of related ligands. The expression domains of ELF-1, Mek4 and Sek indicate potential roles in embryonic patterning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-168
Number of pages12
JournalCell
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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