Ibuprofen inhibits key genes involved in androgen production in theca–interstitial cells

Chelsea W. Fox, Lingzhi Zhang, Benjamin C. Moeller, V. Gabriel Garzo, R. Jeffrey Chang, Antoni J. Duleba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To study the effects of ibuprofen on androgen production, gene expression, and cell viability in rat theca–interstitial cells exposed to the proinflammatory stimuli interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Design: Animal study. Setting: University-based research laboratory. Patient(s)/Animal(s): Theca-interstitial cells were isolated from 30 day old female Sprague Dawley rats. Intervention(s): Theca cells were cultured with pro-inflammatory media containing IL-1β and LPS and compared with cells cultured in control media. Main Outcome Measure(s): Androstenedione quantification was performed on conditioned cell culture medium using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Theca cell viability was assessed using PrestoBlue cell viability assay. The gene expression of Cyp17a1, Cyp11a1, and Hsd3b was analyzed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Result(s): Both proinflammatory stimuli IL-1β and LPS increased androstenedione concentration in cell culture medium, and these effects were mitigated with ibuprofen. Both inflammatory agents in addition increased the expression of key genes involved in androgen synthesis: Cyp17a1, Cyp11a1, and Hsd3b; the addition of ibuprofen to the culture medium inhibited these effects. Theca cell viability increased with IL-1β and LPS. Ibuprofen inhibited the IL-1β-mediated increase in cell viability but did not reverse the effects of LPS. Conclusion(s): In conclusion, our findings support the hypothesis that many of the alterations induced by inflammatory stimuli in theca–interstitial cells are abrogated by the addition of ibuprofen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-236
Number of pages7
JournalF and S Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Androgen excess
  • inflammation
  • polycystic ovary syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology


Dive into the research topics of 'Ibuprofen inhibits key genes involved in androgen production in theca–interstitial cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this