Ibex-Associated Malignant Catarrhal Fever-Like Disease in a Group of Bongo Antelope (Tragelaphus eurycerus)

D. Gasper, B. Barr, H. Li, N. Taus, R. Peterson, G. Benjamin, T. Hunt, Patricia Pesavento

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A private zoological facility experienced an outbreak of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) in 3 bongo antelope (Tragelaphus eurycerus). All cases were periparturient bongos that presented acutely anorectic beginning ~6 weeks after being housed with a Nubian ibex. Disease quickly progressed to respiratory distress and death within 24-72 hours of onset of clinical signs. Consistent gross findings in affected bongos were pulmonary edema and small pale tan foci in the livers. Histological lesions included a nonsuppurative vasculitis in multiple tissues, which is well recognized in MCF, but additionally included necrotizing cholangiohepatitis and neutrophilic, necrotizing myocarditis. Ibex-associated viral DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction and was identical in sequence whether derived from bongos or ibex. The sequence closely matched an MCF viral DNA fragment that had been amplified from an ibex and bongo in a previous case report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-497
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Pathology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2012


  • bongo antelope
  • histopathology
  • malignant catarrhal fever
  • MCFV-ibex
  • Nubian ibex
  • polymerase chain reaction
  • sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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