Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha is regulated by RBM38, a RNAbinding protein and a p53 family target, via mRNA translation

Seong Jun Cho, I. Fang Teng, Min Zhang, Tiffany Yin, Yong Sam Jung, Jin Zhang, Xinbin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1), a heterodimeric transcription factor, consists of HIF1α and HIF1ß and is necessary for cell growth and survival under a hypoxic condition. Thus, the level and activity of HIF1α needs to be tightly controlled. Indeed, HIF1α protein stability is controlled by prolyl hydroxylase and von Hippel-Lindaumediated proteosomal degradation. However, it remains unclear whether HIF1α expression is controlled by other pathways. Here, we showed that RNA-binding protein RBM38, a target of the p53 family, regulates HIF1α expression via mRNA translation. Specifically, we showed that under a hypoxic condition, ectopic expression of RBM38 decreased, whereas knockdown of RBM38 increased, the level of HIF1α protein. We also showed that the rate of de novo HIF1α protein synthesis was increased by knockdown of RBM38. Additionally, we showed that RBM38 directly bound to HIF1α 5' and 3'UTRs. Consistently, we showed that the rate of mRNA translation for a heterologous reporter that carries HIF1α 5'and/or 3'UTRs was increased upon knockdown of RBM38. Furthermore, we showed that knockdown of RBM38 increased, whereas ectopic expression of RBM38 decreased, the binding of eIF4E to HIF1α mRNA. Together, our data suggest that RBM38 is a novel translational regulator of HIF1α under a hypoxic condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-316
Number of pages12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015



  • HIF1α
  • mRNA translation
  • p53
  • RBM38
  • RNPC1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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