Hydrophobicity-driven self-assembly of protein and silver nanoparticles for protein detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering

Mehmet Kahraman, Ben N. Balz, Sebastian Wachsmann-Hogiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a promising analytical technique for the detection and characterization of biological molecules and structures. The role of hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces in the self-assembly of protein-metallic nanoparticle structures for label-free protein detection is demonstrated. Aggregation is driven by both the hydrophobicity of the surface as well as the charge of the proteins. The best conditions for obtaining a reproducible SERS signal that allows for sensitive, label-free protein detection are provided by the use of hydrophobic surfaces and 16 × 1011 NPs per mL. A detection limit of approximately 0.5 μg mL-1 is achieved regardless of the proteins' charge properties and size. The developed method is simple and can be used for reproducible and sensitive detection and characterization of a wide variety of biological molecules and various structures with different sizes and charge status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2906-2913
Number of pages8
JournalAnalyst
Volume138
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

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