Hydrophobic oxime ethers: A versatile class of pDNA and siRNA transfection lipids

Souvik Biswas, Ralph J. Knipp, Laura E. Gordon, Seshagiri R. Nandula, Sven Ulrik Gorr, Geoffrey J. Clark, Michael H. Nantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The manipulation of the cationic lipid structures to increase polynucleotide binding and delivery properties, while also minimizing associated cytotoxicity, has been a principal strategy for developing next-generation transfection agents. The polar (DNA binding) and hydrophobic domains of transfection lipids have been extensively studied; however, the linking domain comprising the substructure used to tether the polar and hydrophobic domains has attracted considerably less attention as an optimization variable. Here, we examine the use of an oxime ether as the linking domain. Hydrophobic oxime ethers were readily assembled via click chemistry by oximation of hydrophobic aldehydes using an aminooxy salt. A facile ligation reaction delivered the desired compounds with hydrophobic domain asymmetry. Using the MCF-7 breast cancer, H1792 lung cancer and PAR C10 salivary epithelial cell lines, our findings show that lipoplexes derived from oxime ether lipids transfect in the presence of serum at higher levels than commonly used liposome formulations, based on both luciferase and green fluorescent protein (GFP) assays. Given the biological compatibility of oxime ethers and their ease of formation, this functional group should find significant application as a linking domain in future designs of transfection vectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2063-2069
Number of pages7
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 4 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Aminooxy salts
  • Gene transfer
  • Nonviral vectors
  • Oximation
  • Transfection agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine


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