Hybrid robotic coronary artery surgery and angioplasty in multivessel coronary artery disease

Kenneth D. Stahl, Walter D Boyd, Thomas A. Vassiliades, Hratch L. Karamanoukian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Complete surgical revascularization that includes left internal thoracic artery grafting to the left anterior descending coronary artery remains the gold standard of treatment for coronary artery disease. Not all patients are good candidates for sternotomy. Therefore, we sought to identify a strategy that would combine the long-term advantages of internal thoracic artery grafting to lessen surgical trauma while still allowing complete revascularization. Methods. A total of 54 consecutive patients from four institutions underwent hybrid revascularization combining surgery and angioplasty. All internal thoracic artery grafts were endoscopically harvested with robotic assistance using either the Aesop or Zeus system, and all anastomoses were manually constructed through a 4- to 6-cm anterior thoracotomy incision. Angioplasty was carried out to achieve total revascularization to ungrafted vessels. Results. There were no early or late deaths, myocardial infarctions, strokes, or wound infections. Of the patients, 37 (69%) were extubated in the operating room. Length of stay in the intensive care unit averaged 24.4 hours and hospital stay 3.45 days. In all, 16 patients (29.6%) required transfusion of packed red blood cells. Late complications included I patient with stent occlusion at 3 months and 2 patients with in-stent restenosis. Three patients were treated for postpericardiotomy syndrome. Mean follow-up was 11.7 months. Event-free was survival 87.1% and freedom from recurrent angina 98.3%. Conclusions. Hybrid endoscopic atraumatic internal thoracic artery to anterior descending coronary artery graft surgery combined with angioplasty is a reasonable revascularization strategy in multiple vessel coronary artery disease in selected patients. Longer follow-up and more patient data in a randomized study are needed to determine the patient cohort most likely to benefit from this approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume74
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Robotics
Angioplasty
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Vessels
Mammary Arteries
Stents
Length of Stay
Postpericardiotomy Syndrome
Transplants
Erythrocyte Transfusion
Sternotomy
Wound Infection
Thoracotomy
Operating Rooms
Disease-Free Survival
Intensive Care Units
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Hybrid robotic coronary artery surgery and angioplasty in multivessel coronary artery disease. / Stahl, Kenneth D.; Boyd, Walter D; Vassiliades, Thomas A.; Karamanoukian, Hratch L.

In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 74, No. 4, 01.10.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stahl, Kenneth D. ; Boyd, Walter D ; Vassiliades, Thomas A. ; Karamanoukian, Hratch L. / Hybrid robotic coronary artery surgery and angioplasty in multivessel coronary artery disease. In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2002 ; Vol. 74, No. 4.
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abstract = "Background. Complete surgical revascularization that includes left internal thoracic artery grafting to the left anterior descending coronary artery remains the gold standard of treatment for coronary artery disease. Not all patients are good candidates for sternotomy. Therefore, we sought to identify a strategy that would combine the long-term advantages of internal thoracic artery grafting to lessen surgical trauma while still allowing complete revascularization. Methods. A total of 54 consecutive patients from four institutions underwent hybrid revascularization combining surgery and angioplasty. All internal thoracic artery grafts were endoscopically harvested with robotic assistance using either the Aesop or Zeus system, and all anastomoses were manually constructed through a 4- to 6-cm anterior thoracotomy incision. Angioplasty was carried out to achieve total revascularization to ungrafted vessels. Results. There were no early or late deaths, myocardial infarctions, strokes, or wound infections. Of the patients, 37 (69{\%}) were extubated in the operating room. Length of stay in the intensive care unit averaged 24.4 hours and hospital stay 3.45 days. In all, 16 patients (29.6{\%}) required transfusion of packed red blood cells. Late complications included I patient with stent occlusion at 3 months and 2 patients with in-stent restenosis. Three patients were treated for postpericardiotomy syndrome. Mean follow-up was 11.7 months. Event-free was survival 87.1{\%} and freedom from recurrent angina 98.3{\%}. Conclusions. Hybrid endoscopic atraumatic internal thoracic artery to anterior descending coronary artery graft surgery combined with angioplasty is a reasonable revascularization strategy in multiple vessel coronary artery disease in selected patients. Longer follow-up and more patient data in a randomized study are needed to determine the patient cohort most likely to benefit from this approach.",
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