Human-mouse lymphoid chimeras: Host-vs.-graft and graft-vs.-host reactions

William J Murphy, Michael Bennett, Miriam R. Anver, Michael Baseler, Dan L. Longo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Human peripheral blood lymphocytes (huPBL) were injected into mice with severe combined immune deficiency (SCID). It was ascertained that murine natural killer (NK) cells were capable of affecting engraftment of human lymphocytes in SCID mice. The presence of host NK cells resulted in the clearance of the human lymphocytes. Human T lymphocytes were the primary cell to engraft in the SCID recipients, with human T cells being detected in the spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow and peritoneal cavity of the mice up to several months after transfer. No human T cells were detected in the murine thymus and the level of engraftment in the periphery could be highly variable. Additionally, there appeared to be significant reactions between the human lymphocytes and the murine host resulting in a xenogeneic graft-vs.-host reaction (XGVHR). The predominant manifestation involved splenomegaly resulting from an expansion of murine hematopoietic cells in the spleens of these xenogeneic chimeras. The severity of the XGVHR could be correlated with the extent of human T cell engraftment and the recovered human T cells were found to be in a proliferative state. Thus, there appear to be significant host-vs.-graft and graft-vs.-host interactions occurring in human/mouse lymphocyte chimeras.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1427
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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