Human Milk for the Premature Infant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

143 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and late-onset sepsis, and should be the primary enteral diet for premature infants. Donor milk is a resource for premature infants whose mothers are unable to provide an adequate supply of milk. Challenges include the need for pasteurization, nutritional and biochemical deficiencies, and limited supply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-207
Number of pages19
JournalPediatric Clinics of North America
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Fingerprint

Human Milk
Premature Infants
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Milk
Sepsis
Growth
Mothers
Pasteurization
Malnutrition
Small Intestine
Tissue Donors
Diet
Proteins

Keywords

  • Donor milk
  • Human milk
  • Lactation
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Premature infant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Human Milk for the Premature Infant. / Underwood, Mark.

In: Pediatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 60, No. 1, 02.2013, p. 189-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3bc6457b098b4e1a90ac4c82d550d22d,
title = "Human Milk for the Premature Infant",
abstract = "Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and late-onset sepsis, and should be the primary enteral diet for premature infants. Donor milk is a resource for premature infants whose mothers are unable to provide an adequate supply of milk. Challenges include the need for pasteurization, nutritional and biochemical deficiencies, and limited supply.",
keywords = "Donor milk, Human milk, Lactation, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Premature infant",
author = "Mark Underwood",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.pcl.2012.09.008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "189--207",
journal = "Pediatric Clinics of North America",
issn = "0031-3955",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Human Milk for the Premature Infant

AU - Underwood, Mark

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and late-onset sepsis, and should be the primary enteral diet for premature infants. Donor milk is a resource for premature infants whose mothers are unable to provide an adequate supply of milk. Challenges include the need for pasteurization, nutritional and biochemical deficiencies, and limited supply.

AB - Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and late-onset sepsis, and should be the primary enteral diet for premature infants. Donor milk is a resource for premature infants whose mothers are unable to provide an adequate supply of milk. Challenges include the need for pasteurization, nutritional and biochemical deficiencies, and limited supply.

KW - Donor milk

KW - Human milk

KW - Lactation

KW - Necrotizing enterocolitis

KW - Premature infant

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869793874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869793874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pcl.2012.09.008

DO - 10.1016/j.pcl.2012.09.008

M3 - Article

C2 - 23178065

AN - SCOPUS:84869793874

VL - 60

SP - 189

EP - 207

JO - Pediatric Clinics of North America

JF - Pediatric Clinics of North America

SN - 0031-3955

IS - 1

ER -