Human brain specialization for phonetic attention

Michael D. Szymanski, E. William Yund, David L Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of auditory selective attention on event related potentials (ERPs) to speech sounds were examined in subjects attending to vowel- consonant-vowels (VCVs) in one ear while ignoring VCVs in the opposite ear. In one condition, subjects discriminated phonetic changes in the VC, CV, or both formant-transition regions. In another condition, they discriminated equally difficult intensity changes in the same VCV regions. Attention- related negative difference waves showed enhanced early and late components (Nd(e), and Nd(l) during phoneme-discrimination conditions. Hemispheric asymmetries developed only during the Nd(l) and were more pronounced during phoneme discrimination. The results suggest that auditory areas of both hemispheres are specialized for phonetic analysis, with hemispherically specialized mechanisms engaged primarily during the final stages of phoneme processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1605-1608
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroReport
Volume10
Issue number7
StatePublished - May 14 1999

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Auditory
  • Cortex
  • ERPs
  • Event-related potentials
  • Intensity
  • Nd
  • Negative difference wave
  • Phoneme
  • Speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Szymanski, M. D., Yund, E. W., & Woods, D. L. (1999). Human brain specialization for phonetic attention. NeuroReport, 10(7), 1605-1608.