Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint

G. T. Liu, D. R. Lanctot, L. A. Lavery, C. F. Zhu, Jr Schenck R.C., K. A. Athanasiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intrinsic material properties and histomorphometry of freshly frozen, human cadaveric cartilage from the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform (SMIC) articulation were obtained to provide biomechanical mapping of the surfaces. The biphasic creep indentation methodology and an automated creep indentation apparatus were used to measure aggregate modulus, Poisson's ratio, permeability, shear modulus, and thickness. Biomechanical experiments were performed on four sites of the SMIC joint in 14 specimens (seven pairs): two sites in the second metatarsal base and two sites in the intermediate cuneiform head. Results of the study indicate that no significant variations exist in the biomechanical comparisons between specific articulations, gross articulations, and left and right joints. For example, cartilage from the second metatarsal base and intermediate cuneiform head had an aggregate modulus of 0.99 MPa and 1.05 MPa, respectively. The Poisson's ratio and permeability of all test sites grouped together were found to be 0.08 and 3.05 x 10-15 m4/N · s, respectively. Cartilage thickness was measured at 0.61 mm. This biomechanical study suggests that similarities in cartilage properties may be beneficial in preventing the human SMIC articulation from developing early degenerative changes. Histological evaluation demonstrated that SMIC cartilage exhibits structural characteristics (such as the absence of chondrocyte columnar arrangement in the deep zone) which may be typical of cartilage that does not experience habitually high compressive stresses. This knowledge could aid surgeons in generating a deeper perspective of the relationship between clinical pathologies of articular cartilage and intrinsic biomechanical etiologies of degenerative joint diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume36
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Metatarsal Bones
Articular Cartilage
Biomechanical Phenomena
Cartilage
Joints
Permeability
Head
Clinical Pathology
Chondrocytes
Osteoarthritis

Keywords

  • Articular cartilage
  • Biomechanics
  • SMIC joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Liu, G. T., Lanctot, D. R., Lavery, L. A., Zhu, C. F., Schenck R.C., J., & Athanasiou, K. A. (1997). Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint. Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 36(5), 367-374.

Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint. / Liu, G. T.; Lanctot, D. R.; Lavery, L. A.; Zhu, C. F.; Schenck R.C., Jr; Athanasiou, K. A.

In: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol. 36, No. 5, 1997, p. 367-374.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, GT, Lanctot, DR, Lavery, LA, Zhu, CF, Schenck R.C., J & Athanasiou, KA 1997, 'Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint', Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 367-374.
Liu GT, Lanctot DR, Lavery LA, Zhu CF, Schenck R.C. J, Athanasiou KA. Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint. Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery. 1997;36(5):367-374.
Liu, G. T. ; Lanctot, D. R. ; Lavery, L. A. ; Zhu, C. F. ; Schenck R.C., Jr ; Athanasiou, K. A. / Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint. In: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery. 1997 ; Vol. 36, No. 5. pp. 367-374.
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