Background: Molecular marker based cancer diagnosis gaining more attention in the current genomics era. So, Hspb1 and Tp53 gene characterization and their mRNA expression might be helpful in diagnosis andprognosis ofcat mammary adenocarcinoma. It will also add informationin comparative cancer genetics and genomics.Objectives: Eight tumors of Siamese cats were analyzed to ascertain germ-line and tissue-specific somatic DNA variationsof Hspb1 and Tp53 genes alongwith the ectopic differential expressionin tumorous and normal tissueswere also analyzed. Materials and Methods: Tumorous tissues and peripheral blood from mammary adenocarcinoma affected Siamese cats were collected from the Pet center-UVAS. DNA and RNA were extracted from these tissues to analyze the Hspb1 and Tp53 DNA variants and ectopic expression of their mRNA within cancerous and normal tissues. Results: Exon 1 and 3 revealed as hotspots in Hspb1 gene. The 5´UTR region of the exon1 bearsix mutation including 3 transitions, 2 transversion and one heterozygous synonymous transversion in two samples at locus c.34C>C/A. Exon 3 has 1 transversion at c.773A>A/T, 3´UTR of this exon harbor two point mutationsat 1868A>T and 2193C>T loci. Intron 2 has two alterations at 1490C>C/T and GTCT4del at 1514. Overall up-regulationof Hspb1 gene was observed. While exons 3,4 and 7 of Tp53 harbor asingle variationat c.105A>A/G, c.465T>T/C and c.859G>T respectively. The locus c.1050G>G/A in exon 9 is a heterozygous (G/A) in 3 samples and homozygous (G) in 2 other tumours. Introns 3, 5, 7 and 9 harbor 3, 4,2 and 7 altered loci respectively. Sixty percentof cancers showed up-regulated trend of Tp53 gene. Conclusions: Tumor specific mutations and ectopic expression of Hspb1 and Tp53 genes might be helpful in the diagnosis of the mammary lesions and endorse their involvement in cat mammary neoplasm.
- Cat mammary tumor
- Hsp27 mutation and expression
- Tp53 mutation and expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas