How early do parent concerns predict later autism diagnosis?

Sally J Ozonoff, Gregory S. Young, Mary Beth Steinfeld, Monique M. Hill, Ian Cook, Ted Hutman, Suzanne MacAri, Sally J Rogers, Marian Sigman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To study the relationship between parent concerns about development in the first year and a half of life and later autism diagnostic outcomes. Method: Parent concerns about development were collected for infants at high and low risk for autism, using a prospective, longitudinal design. Parents were asked about developmental concerns at study intake and when their infant was 6, 12, and 18 months. Infants were then followed up until 36 months, when diagnostic status was determined. Results: By the time their child was 12 months, parents who have an older child with autism reported significantly more concerns in autism spectrum disorders-related areas than parents of children with typical outcomes. These concerns were significantly related to independent measures of developmental status and autism symptoms and helped predict which infants would later be diagnosed with autism or autism spectrum disorders. At 6 months, however, the concerns of parents who have an older child with autism do not predict outcome well. Conclusion: Explicitly probing for parent concerns about development is useful for identifying children in need of closer monitoring and surveillance, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-375
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Onset
  • Parent concerns
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

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