Host selection patterns of Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) at wetlands near the Salton Sea, Coachella Valley, California, 1998-2002

William Reisen, Hugh D. Lothrop, Tara Thiemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The bloodmeal hosts used by Culex tarsalis Coquillett collected along the Salton Sea in Coachella Valley, CA, during 1998-2002 were identified using sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase I gene identified from Barcode of Life database. Overall, 265 (83.3%) of 318 bloodmeals were identified, of which 76.6% fed on birds, 18.1% on mammals, and 5.3% on reptiles. Forty-seven different hosts were identified, none of which comprised >12.5% of the total. Although Cx. tarsalis exhibits specific host-seeking flight patterns, bloodmeals seemed to be acquired opportunistically, thereby limiting potential arbovirus transmission efficiency in species-rich environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1071-1076
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • bloodmeal host
  • Culex tarsalis
  • Salton Sea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • veterinary(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

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