Host selection patterns of Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) at wetlands near the Salton Sea, Coachella Valley, California, 1998-2002

William Reisen, Hugh D. Lothrop, Tara Thiemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The bloodmeal hosts used by Culex tarsalis Coquillett collected along the Salton Sea in Coachella Valley, CA, during 1998-2002 were identified using sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase I gene identified from Barcode of Life database. Overall, 265 (83.3%) of 318 bloodmeals were identified, of which 76.6% fed on birds, 18.1% on mammals, and 5.3% on reptiles. Forty-seven different hosts were identified, none of which comprised >12.5% of the total. Although Cx. tarsalis exhibits specific host-seeking flight patterns, bloodmeals seemed to be acquired opportunistically, thereby limiting potential arbovirus transmission efficiency in species-rich environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1071-1076
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Fingerprint

Culex tarsalis
Arboviruses
Culex
Reptiles
Wetlands
Electron Transport Complex IV
Culicidae
Oceans and Seas
Diptera
Birds
Mammals
wetlands
valleys
Databases
host seeking
arboviruses
barcoding
cytochrome-c oxidase
Genes
reptiles

Keywords

  • bloodmeal host
  • Culex tarsalis
  • Salton Sea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • veterinary(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

Cite this

Host selection patterns of Culex tarsalis (Diptera : Culicidae) at wetlands near the Salton Sea, Coachella Valley, California, 1998-2002. / Reisen, William; Lothrop, Hugh D.; Thiemann, Tara.

In: Journal of Medical Entomology, Vol. 50, No. 5, 01.09.2013, p. 1071-1076.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5cc47a6dc9de411f80d3a8789b166ea7,
title = "Host selection patterns of Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) at wetlands near the Salton Sea, Coachella Valley, California, 1998-2002",
abstract = "The bloodmeal hosts used by Culex tarsalis Coquillett collected along the Salton Sea in Coachella Valley, CA, during 1998-2002 were identified using sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase I gene identified from Barcode of Life database. Overall, 265 (83.3{\%}) of 318 bloodmeals were identified, of which 76.6{\%} fed on birds, 18.1{\%} on mammals, and 5.3{\%} on reptiles. Forty-seven different hosts were identified, none of which comprised >12.5{\%} of the total. Although Cx. tarsalis exhibits specific host-seeking flight patterns, bloodmeals seemed to be acquired opportunistically, thereby limiting potential arbovirus transmission efficiency in species-rich environments.",
keywords = "bloodmeal host, Culex tarsalis, Salton Sea",
author = "William Reisen and Lothrop, {Hugh D.} and Tara Thiemann",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1603/ME13078",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
pages = "1071--1076",
journal = "Journal of Medical Entomology",
issn = "0022-2585",
publisher = "Entomological Society of America",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Host selection patterns of Culex tarsalis (Diptera

T2 - Culicidae) at wetlands near the Salton Sea, Coachella Valley, California, 1998-2002

AU - Reisen, William

AU - Lothrop, Hugh D.

AU - Thiemann, Tara

PY - 2013/9/1

Y1 - 2013/9/1

N2 - The bloodmeal hosts used by Culex tarsalis Coquillett collected along the Salton Sea in Coachella Valley, CA, during 1998-2002 were identified using sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase I gene identified from Barcode of Life database. Overall, 265 (83.3%) of 318 bloodmeals were identified, of which 76.6% fed on birds, 18.1% on mammals, and 5.3% on reptiles. Forty-seven different hosts were identified, none of which comprised >12.5% of the total. Although Cx. tarsalis exhibits specific host-seeking flight patterns, bloodmeals seemed to be acquired opportunistically, thereby limiting potential arbovirus transmission efficiency in species-rich environments.

AB - The bloodmeal hosts used by Culex tarsalis Coquillett collected along the Salton Sea in Coachella Valley, CA, during 1998-2002 were identified using sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase I gene identified from Barcode of Life database. Overall, 265 (83.3%) of 318 bloodmeals were identified, of which 76.6% fed on birds, 18.1% on mammals, and 5.3% on reptiles. Forty-seven different hosts were identified, none of which comprised >12.5% of the total. Although Cx. tarsalis exhibits specific host-seeking flight patterns, bloodmeals seemed to be acquired opportunistically, thereby limiting potential arbovirus transmission efficiency in species-rich environments.

KW - bloodmeal host

KW - Culex tarsalis

KW - Salton Sea

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884608917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884608917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1603/ME13078

DO - 10.1603/ME13078

M3 - Article

C2 - 24180112

AN - SCOPUS:84884608917

VL - 50

SP - 1071

EP - 1076

JO - Journal of Medical Entomology

JF - Journal of Medical Entomology

SN - 0022-2585

IS - 5

ER -