Hospital readmissions necessary evil or preventable target for quality improvement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate readmission rates and associated factors to identify potentially preventable readmissions. Background: The decision to penalize hospitals for readmissions is compelling health care systems to develop processes to minimize readmissions. Research to identify preventable readmissions is critical to achieve these goals. Copyright

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of University HealthSystem Consortium database for cancer patients hospitalized from January 2010 to September 2013. Outcome measures were 7, 14, and 30day readmission rates and readmission diagnoses. Hospital and disease characteristics were evaluated to evaluate relationships with readmission.

Results: A total of 2,517,886 patients were hospitalized for cancer treatment. Readmission rates at 7, 14, and 30 days were 2.2%, 3.7%, and 5.6%, respectively. Despite concern that premature hospital discharge may be associated with increased readmissions, a shorter initial length of stay predicted lower readmission rates. Furthermore, highvolume centers and designated cancer centers had higher readmission rates. Evaluating institutional data (N = 2517 patients) demonstrated that factors associated with higher readmission rates include discharge from a medical service, site of malignancy, and emergency primary admission. When examining readmission within 7 days for surgical services, the most common readmission diagnoses were infectious causes (46.3%), nausea/vomiting/dehydration (26.8%), and pain (6.1%).

Conclusions: A minority of patients after hospitalization for cancerrelated therapy are readmitted with potentially preventable conditions such as nausea, vomiting, dehydration, and pain. However, most factors associated with readmission cannot be modified. In addition, highvolume centers and designated cancer centers have higher readmission rates, which may indicate that readmission rates may not be an appropriate marker for quality improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-591
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume260
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Patient Readmission
Quality Improvement
Neoplasms
Dehydration
Nausea
Vomiting
Pain
Length of Stay
Hospitalization
Emergencies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Delivery of Health Care
Therapeutics
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Hospital readmissions necessary evil or preventable target for quality improvement. / Brown, Erin; Burgess, Debra; Li, Chin-Shang; Canter, Robert J; Bold, Richard J.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 260, No. 4, 2014, p. 583-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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