Hospice Care for the Incarcerated in the United States: An Introduction

John F. Linder, Sheila R. Enders, Elizabeth Craig, Joan Richardson, Frederick J Meyers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Prison populations throughout the Unites States are growing; the 1990s saw an average 6.5% per year increase. Average inmate age is increasing, as are both the number and rate of inmate deaths. Aging inmates experience health concerns typical of the general, free, aging population. Inmates have higher incidence of health complications associated with various circumstances, risk behaviors, and associated medical conditions. These circumstances include prison violence, incarceration-related constraints on exercise, and diet. Inmates are more likely to have a history of alcohol abuse, substance abuse or addiction and sex industry work. Risk-behavior conditions include human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), hepatitis B and C, liver disease, tuberculosis, endocarditis, and cardiomyopathy. Hospice is increasingly the preferred response to the health and care needs of terminally ill inmates. Implementing hospice behind bars has some unique challenges in addition to those inherent in hospice work. This series will provide an in-depth look at four hospice programs for inmates in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-552
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Palliative Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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