Homozygosity mapping approach identifies a missense mutation in equine cyclophilin B (PPIB) associated with HERDA in the American Quarter Horse

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Abstract

Hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia (HERDA), a degenerative skin disease that affects the Quarter Horse breed, was localized to ECA1 by homozygosity mapping. Comparative genomics allowed the development of equine gene-specific markers which were used with a set of affected horses to detect a homozygous, identical-by-descent block spanning ∼2.5 Mb, suggesting a recent origin for the HERDA mutation. We report a mutation in cyclophilin B (PPIB) as a novel, causal candidate gene for HERDA. A c.115G>A missense mutation in PPIB alters a glycine residue that has been conserved across vertebrates. The mutation was homozygous in 64 affected horses and segregates concordant with inbreeding loops apparent in the genealogy of 11 affected horses. Screening of control Quarter Horses indicates a 3.5% carrier frequency. The development of a test that can detect affected horses prior to development of clinical signs and carriers of HERDA will allow Quarter Horse breeders to eliminate this debilitating disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-102
Number of pages10
JournalGenomics
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

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Keywords

  • HERDA
  • Heterozygote detection
  • Horse
  • Inherited disease
  • Skin disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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