To evaluate the distribution of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) epidemic among California women, we analyzed HIV-1 seroprevalence and risk factors among women attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in 21 local health jurisdictions. Using standardized protocols developed by the Centers for Disease Control, we tested unlinked serum specimens from women attending participating STD clinics in 1989. We analyzed demographic characteristics, HIV risk exposure groups, and results of HIV-1 antibody testing on 17,210 specimens with an overall HIV-1 seroprevalence of 0.57%. Seroprevalence rates were highest for African-American women, women 25 to 29 years of age, injection drug users, and women attending STD clinics in San Francisco. After multiple logistic regression analysis, HIV-1 seropositivity remained highest for these four groups. The rate of HIV-1 infection among women attending STD clinics in California underscores the continued need to make HIV counseling and testing an integral component of routine services for women being evaluated for, or presenting with, sexually transmitted diseases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Western Journal of Medicine|
|State||Published - 1993|
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