History of the American Board of Ophthalmology Oral Examination

Nancy A. Hamming, Lanning B. Kline, John C. Keltner, James C. Orcutt, Martha J. Farber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The oral examination has been an integral part of certification by the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) since its founding in 1916. An overview is provided regarding the history, evolution, and application of new technology for the oral examination. This part of the certifying process allows the ABO to assess candidates for a variety of competencies, including communication skills and professionalism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S20-S24
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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