Histidine regulatory mutants in Salmonella typhimurium. II. Histidine regulatory mutants having altered histidyl-tRNA synthetase

John R. Roth, Bruce N. Ames

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. (1) The hisS gene of Salmonella typhimurium is the structural gene for histidyl-tRNA synthetase. Mutants in the hisS gene have an altered histidyl-tRNA synthetase and constitute one of the four classes of histidine regulatory mutants. 2. (2) Mutant hisS1520 has a synthetase with a 50-fold decreased affinity for histidine. This mutant has a markedly decreased growth rate on minimal medium and is de-repressed for the biosynthetic enzymes of the histidine operon. Both of these properties appear to reflect the decreased amount of charged histidine-specific tRNA due to the mutant synthetase. The amount of histidyl-tRNA can be increased in this mutant by swelling its internal pool of histidine, and this swelling results in restoration of the normal growth rate and repression of the operon. These results support the idea that histidyl-tRNA is more directly connected with the repression of the histidine operon than histidine itself. 3. (3) Levels of the histidyl-tRNA synthetase are unaffected by de-repression of the histidine operon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-334
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume22
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 28 1966
Externally publishedYes

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Histidine-tRNA Ligase
Salmonella typhimurium
Histidine
Operon
Ligases
Transfer RNA
RNA, Transfer, His
Genes
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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Histidine regulatory mutants in Salmonella typhimurium. II. Histidine regulatory mutants having altered histidyl-tRNA synthetase. / Roth, John R.; Ames, Bruce N.

In: Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 22, No. 2, 28.12.1966, p. 325-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - 1. (1) The hisS gene of Salmonella typhimurium is the structural gene for histidyl-tRNA synthetase. Mutants in the hisS gene have an altered histidyl-tRNA synthetase and constitute one of the four classes of histidine regulatory mutants. 2. (2) Mutant hisS1520 has a synthetase with a 50-fold decreased affinity for histidine. This mutant has a markedly decreased growth rate on minimal medium and is de-repressed for the biosynthetic enzymes of the histidine operon. Both of these properties appear to reflect the decreased amount of charged histidine-specific tRNA due to the mutant synthetase. The amount of histidyl-tRNA can be increased in this mutant by swelling its internal pool of histidine, and this swelling results in restoration of the normal growth rate and repression of the operon. These results support the idea that histidyl-tRNA is more directly connected with the repression of the histidine operon than histidine itself. 3. (3) Levels of the histidyl-tRNA synthetase are unaffected by de-repression of the histidine operon.

AB - 1. (1) The hisS gene of Salmonella typhimurium is the structural gene for histidyl-tRNA synthetase. Mutants in the hisS gene have an altered histidyl-tRNA synthetase and constitute one of the four classes of histidine regulatory mutants. 2. (2) Mutant hisS1520 has a synthetase with a 50-fold decreased affinity for histidine. This mutant has a markedly decreased growth rate on minimal medium and is de-repressed for the biosynthetic enzymes of the histidine operon. Both of these properties appear to reflect the decreased amount of charged histidine-specific tRNA due to the mutant synthetase. The amount of histidyl-tRNA can be increased in this mutant by swelling its internal pool of histidine, and this swelling results in restoration of the normal growth rate and repression of the operon. These results support the idea that histidyl-tRNA is more directly connected with the repression of the histidine operon than histidine itself. 3. (3) Levels of the histidyl-tRNA synthetase are unaffected by de-repression of the histidine operon.

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