Monolithic silica capillary columns for hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) were prepared by on-column polymerization of acrylic acid on monolithic silica in a fused silica capillary modified with anchor groups. The products maintained the high permeability (K = 5 × 10-14 m2) and provided a plate height (H) of less than 10 μm at optimum linear velocity (u) and H below 20 μm at u = 6 mm/s for polar solutes including nucleosides and carbohydrates. The HILIC mode monolithic silica capillary column was able to produce 10 000 theoretical plates (N) with column dead time (t0) of 20 s at a pressure drop of 20 MPa or lower. The total performance was much higher than conventional particle-packed HILIC columns currently available. The gradient separations of peptides by a capillary LC-electrospray mass spectrometry system resulted in very different retention selectivity between reversed-phase mode separations and the HILIC mode separations with a peak capacity of ca. 100 in a 10 min gradient time in either mode. The high performance observed with the monolithic silica capillary column modified with poly(acrylic acid) suggests that the HILIC mode can be an alternative to the reversed-phase mode for a wide range of compounds, especially for those of high polarity in isocratic as well as gradient elution.
- Monolithic silica capillary columns
- Orthogonal selectivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry