High-yield chemical conversion of biomass into biofuels and value-added products

Mark Mascal, Edward B. Nikitin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed a new method to efficiently convert waste biomass (agricultural, municipal, forestry) into biofuels and value-added products. The process is completely chemical in nature, inexpensive, and produces no waste stream. The derived products are non-toxic, biodegradable substitutes for petroleum, both in motor fuels and as renewable chemical intermediates. The technology involves the chemical digestion of the carbohydrate content of biomass (sugars, starch, cellulose, hemicellulose) in a proprietary biphasic reactor under mild conditions (80 d̀C, 2-3 h) to give 5-(chloromethyl) furfural (CMF) as the main product in isolated yields as high as 90%. To our knowledge, no other method of biomass deconstruction gives such complete conversion of carbohydrates into a simple organic molecule. We present CMF here as an emerging renewable platform chemical, providing access to a versatile portfolio of derived products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNanotechnology 2010: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy - Technical Proceedings of the 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010
Pages646-649
Number of pages4
Volume3
StatePublished - 2010
EventNanotechnology 2010: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy - 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 21 2010Jun 24 2010

Other

OtherNanotechnology 2010: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy - 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period6/21/106/24/10

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Biomass conversion
  • Cellulose
  • Furans
  • Levulinates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Mascal, M., & Nikitin, E. B. (2010). High-yield chemical conversion of biomass into biofuels and value-added products. In Nanotechnology 2010: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy - Technical Proceedings of the 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010 (Vol. 3, pp. 646-649)