High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye

Ronald H. Silverman, Dustin E. Kruse, D. Jackson Coleman, Katherine W. Ferrara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. TO develop a noninvasive technique to visualize and measure blood flow in the iris and ciliary body. METHODS. Echo data from 50-MHz ultrasound scans of the iris and ciliary body of rabbits were digitized using a new 'swept scan' modality. The method makes use of spatial oversampling to identify regions with scatterers whose range changes with time. The data allowed construction of high-resolution B-mode images with embedded flow information. Pulsatility over the cardiac cycle was evaluated by sending a series of pulses along a single line of sight containing a vessel of interest. Local blood flow anti changes over the cardiac cycle before and after application of atropine were quantified. RESULTS. Flow was identified in the radial vessels and major arterial circle of the iris. Vessels with lumens as small as 40 μm in diameter and flow velocities as low as 0.6 mm/sec were measured. Change in blood velocity over the cardiac cycle was determined to be approximately 27%. Peak systolic velocity after administration of topical atropine increased by 72%. CONCLUSIONS. This technique allowed visualization of flow using the same type of very-high- frequency transducer now widely used for imaging the anterior segment. The technique can also be used at lower frequencies for more posterior tissues with similar improvement of resolution over Doppler. The ability to examine flow in the anterior segment of the eye offers a new tool for study of glaucoma, hypotony, tumors, and other disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1373-1381
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume40
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Anterior Eye Segment
Iris
Ultrasonography
Ciliary Body
Atropine
Topical Administration
Transducers
Glaucoma
Rabbits
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Silverman, R. H., Kruse, D. E., Coleman, D. J., & Ferrara, K. W. (1999). High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 40(7), 1373-1381.

High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye. / Silverman, Ronald H.; Kruse, Dustin E.; Coleman, D. Jackson; Ferrara, Katherine W.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 40, No. 7, 1999, p. 1373-1381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silverman, RH, Kruse, DE, Coleman, DJ & Ferrara, KW 1999, 'High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 1373-1381.
Silverman, Ronald H. ; Kruse, Dustin E. ; Coleman, D. Jackson ; Ferrara, Katherine W. / High-resolution ultrasonic imaging of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye. In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 1999 ; Vol. 40, No. 7. pp. 1373-1381.
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AB - PURPOSE. TO develop a noninvasive technique to visualize and measure blood flow in the iris and ciliary body. METHODS. Echo data from 50-MHz ultrasound scans of the iris and ciliary body of rabbits were digitized using a new 'swept scan' modality. The method makes use of spatial oversampling to identify regions with scatterers whose range changes with time. The data allowed construction of high-resolution B-mode images with embedded flow information. Pulsatility over the cardiac cycle was evaluated by sending a series of pulses along a single line of sight containing a vessel of interest. Local blood flow anti changes over the cardiac cycle before and after application of atropine were quantified. RESULTS. Flow was identified in the radial vessels and major arterial circle of the iris. Vessels with lumens as small as 40 μm in diameter and flow velocities as low as 0.6 mm/sec were measured. Change in blood velocity over the cardiac cycle was determined to be approximately 27%. Peak systolic velocity after administration of topical atropine increased by 72%. CONCLUSIONS. This technique allowed visualization of flow using the same type of very-high- frequency transducer now widely used for imaging the anterior segment. The technique can also be used at lower frequencies for more posterior tissues with similar improvement of resolution over Doppler. The ability to examine flow in the anterior segment of the eye offers a new tool for study of glaucoma, hypotony, tumors, and other disorders.

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