High frequency jet ventilation in horses: an experimental study

C. I. DUNLOP, D. S. HODGSON, J. W. WATSON, J. R. GILLESPIE, Eugene Steffey, A. C. JACKSON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

High frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) is a recently developed mode of ventilation that delivers small tidal volumes at frequencies greater than 60 cycles per min via an injection catheter to the animal's airway. The construction of a high frequency jet ventilator suitable for use in adult horses is described. The effectiveness of this ventilator in maintaining normal arterial blood ‐ gas tension was evaluated in five healthy adult horses. The horses were anaesthetised with intravenous acetylpromazine, guaifenesin, and thiamylal, positioned in lateral recumbency and baseline measurements were made during spontaneous ventilation. The horses were then paralysed with succinylcholine and ventilated for at least 20 mins with HFJV. Air was delivered from the ventilator to the animal by a polyethylene tube. The tip of this tube remained within and approximately 30 cm from the cuffed end of a standard 30 mm internal diameter large animal orotracheal tube. Frequency of flow interruption was 3 Hz with a constant source pressure of 275 kPa and an inspiratory to expiratory ratio of approximately 1:2.6. Gas delivery to the horse, as estimated with a resonator system was approximately 2 litres/breath. During HFJV, arterial carbon dioxide tension was significantly reduced and arterial oxygen tension significantly increased above measurements made when the horses were spontaneously breathing air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-346
Number of pages5
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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    DUNLOP, C. I., HODGSON, D. S., WATSON, J. W., GILLESPIE, J. R., Steffey, E., & JACKSON, A. C. (1989). High frequency jet ventilation in horses: an experimental study. Equine Veterinary Journal, 21(5), 342-346. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-3306.1989.tb02684.x