We determined the frequency of DNA recombination between Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedroviruses (BmNPVs) and between BmNPV and the closely related Autographa californica NPV (AcMNPV) in BmN cells, Sf-21 cells, and larvae of Heliothis virescens. The BmN cells were coinfected with two BmNPVs, one with a mutation at the polyhedrin gene (polh) locus and a second carrying a lacZ gene marker cassette. Eleven different BmNPV mutants carrying the lacZ gene marker at various distances (1.4 to 61.7 kb) from polh were used for the coinfections. The Sf-21 cells and larvae of H. virescens were coinfected with wild-type AcMNPV and 1 of the 11 lacZ-marked BmNPV mutants. In BmN cells, high-frequency recombination was detected as early as 15 h postcoinfection but not at 12 h postcoinfection. At 18 h postcoinfection, the mean frequency of recombination ranged between 20.0 and 35.4% when the polh and lacZ marker genes were separated by at least 9.7 kb. When these marker genes were separated by only 1. 4 kb, the mean frequency of recombination was 2.7%. In BmN cells, the mean recombination frequency between two BmNPVs increased only marginally when the multiplicity of infection of each virus was increased 10-fold. In Sf-21 cells and the larvae of H. virescens, the recombination frequency between BmNPV and AcMNPV was ≲1.0%. AcMNPV DNA replication occurred normally after the coinfection of Sf-21 cells. BmNPV DNA replication, however, was not detected, indicating that normal DNA replication by both viruses is required for high-frequency recombination.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|State||Published - Dec 2003|
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