High detection rates of Torque teno sus virus in co-infection with important viral pathogens in porcine kidneys on St. Kitts Island, Lesser Antilles

Souvik Ghosh, Esteban Soto Martinez, Oscar Illanes, Ryan Navarro, Meiji Soe Aung, Yashpal Singh Malik, Nobumichi Kobayashi, Carmen Fuentealba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report here high rates of detection (50.8%, 31/61 pigs) of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) in kidneys of slaughter-age, apparently healthy pigs on St. Kitts island, Lesser Antilles. TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a were detected in 23 (37.7%) and 13 (21.3%) pigs, respectively, including mixed infection in five animals. By nucleotide sequence identities and phylogenetic analysis, significant genetic diversity was observed among both TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a on St. Kitts, with TTSuVk2a showing higher genetic diversity than TTSuV1. Fourteen (45.2%) and 10 (32.2%) of the TTSuV infected pigs tested positive for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine parvovirus (PPV), respectively, revealing high rates of co-infection of TTSuV with PCV2 and PPV. This is the first report on detection and genetic diversity of TTSuV from the Lesser Antilles. Also, PCV2 and PPV were detected for the first time in the Lesser Antilles. Considering the impact of pig farming on the regional livestock economy, the increasing demand for local pork and lack of information on emerging and re-emerging porcine viruses in the Lesser Antilles, the present findings have important implications on swine health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1175-1181
Number of pages7
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Torque teno virus
Sus
torque
Coinfection
mixed infection
Islands
Swine
kidneys
Porcine Parvovirus
Kidney
viruses
Circovirus
swine
Ungulate protoparvovirus 1
pathogens
Porcine circovirus-2
genetic variation
age at slaughter
Livestock
Agriculture

Keywords

  • co-infection
  • Lesser Antilles
  • porcine kidneys
  • Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

High detection rates of Torque teno sus virus in co-infection with important viral pathogens in porcine kidneys on St. Kitts Island, Lesser Antilles. / Ghosh, Souvik; Soto Martinez, Esteban; Illanes, Oscar; Navarro, Ryan; Aung, Meiji Soe; Malik, Yashpal Singh; Kobayashi, Nobumichi; Fuentealba, Carmen.

In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Vol. 65, No. 5, 01.10.2018, p. 1175-1181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghosh, Souvik ; Soto Martinez, Esteban ; Illanes, Oscar ; Navarro, Ryan ; Aung, Meiji Soe ; Malik, Yashpal Singh ; Kobayashi, Nobumichi ; Fuentealba, Carmen. / High detection rates of Torque teno sus virus in co-infection with important viral pathogens in porcine kidneys on St. Kitts Island, Lesser Antilles. In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2018 ; Vol. 65, No. 5. pp. 1175-1181.
@article{efaa3c2338c24bbba14afff860921e2c,
title = "High detection rates of Torque teno sus virus in co-infection with important viral pathogens in porcine kidneys on St. Kitts Island, Lesser Antilles",
abstract = "We report here high rates of detection (50.8{\%}, 31/61 pigs) of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) in kidneys of slaughter-age, apparently healthy pigs on St. Kitts island, Lesser Antilles. TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a were detected in 23 (37.7{\%}) and 13 (21.3{\%}) pigs, respectively, including mixed infection in five animals. By nucleotide sequence identities and phylogenetic analysis, significant genetic diversity was observed among both TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a on St. Kitts, with TTSuVk2a showing higher genetic diversity than TTSuV1. Fourteen (45.2{\%}) and 10 (32.2{\%}) of the TTSuV infected pigs tested positive for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine parvovirus (PPV), respectively, revealing high rates of co-infection of TTSuV with PCV2 and PPV. This is the first report on detection and genetic diversity of TTSuV from the Lesser Antilles. Also, PCV2 and PPV were detected for the first time in the Lesser Antilles. Considering the impact of pig farming on the regional livestock economy, the increasing demand for local pork and lack of information on emerging and re-emerging porcine viruses in the Lesser Antilles, the present findings have important implications on swine health.",
keywords = "co-infection, Lesser Antilles, porcine kidneys, Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV)",
author = "Souvik Ghosh and {Soto Martinez}, Esteban and Oscar Illanes and Ryan Navarro and Aung, {Meiji Soe} and Malik, {Yashpal Singh} and Nobumichi Kobayashi and Carmen Fuentealba",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/tbed.12960",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "65",
pages = "1175--1181",
journal = "Transboundary and Emerging Diseases",
issn = "1865-1674",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High detection rates of Torque teno sus virus in co-infection with important viral pathogens in porcine kidneys on St. Kitts Island, Lesser Antilles

AU - Ghosh, Souvik

AU - Soto Martinez, Esteban

AU - Illanes, Oscar

AU - Navarro, Ryan

AU - Aung, Meiji Soe

AU - Malik, Yashpal Singh

AU - Kobayashi, Nobumichi

AU - Fuentealba, Carmen

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - We report here high rates of detection (50.8%, 31/61 pigs) of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) in kidneys of slaughter-age, apparently healthy pigs on St. Kitts island, Lesser Antilles. TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a were detected in 23 (37.7%) and 13 (21.3%) pigs, respectively, including mixed infection in five animals. By nucleotide sequence identities and phylogenetic analysis, significant genetic diversity was observed among both TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a on St. Kitts, with TTSuVk2a showing higher genetic diversity than TTSuV1. Fourteen (45.2%) and 10 (32.2%) of the TTSuV infected pigs tested positive for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine parvovirus (PPV), respectively, revealing high rates of co-infection of TTSuV with PCV2 and PPV. This is the first report on detection and genetic diversity of TTSuV from the Lesser Antilles. Also, PCV2 and PPV were detected for the first time in the Lesser Antilles. Considering the impact of pig farming on the regional livestock economy, the increasing demand for local pork and lack of information on emerging and re-emerging porcine viruses in the Lesser Antilles, the present findings have important implications on swine health.

AB - We report here high rates of detection (50.8%, 31/61 pigs) of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) in kidneys of slaughter-age, apparently healthy pigs on St. Kitts island, Lesser Antilles. TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a were detected in 23 (37.7%) and 13 (21.3%) pigs, respectively, including mixed infection in five animals. By nucleotide sequence identities and phylogenetic analysis, significant genetic diversity was observed among both TTSuV1 and TTSuVk2a on St. Kitts, with TTSuVk2a showing higher genetic diversity than TTSuV1. Fourteen (45.2%) and 10 (32.2%) of the TTSuV infected pigs tested positive for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine parvovirus (PPV), respectively, revealing high rates of co-infection of TTSuV with PCV2 and PPV. This is the first report on detection and genetic diversity of TTSuV from the Lesser Antilles. Also, PCV2 and PPV were detected for the first time in the Lesser Antilles. Considering the impact of pig farming on the regional livestock economy, the increasing demand for local pork and lack of information on emerging and re-emerging porcine viruses in the Lesser Antilles, the present findings have important implications on swine health.

KW - co-infection

KW - Lesser Antilles

KW - porcine kidneys

KW - Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050610368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85050610368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/tbed.12960

DO - 10.1111/tbed.12960

M3 - Article

C2 - 30015412

AN - SCOPUS:85050610368

VL - 65

SP - 1175

EP - 1181

JO - Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

JF - Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

SN - 1865-1674

IS - 5

ER -