Background: The aim of the present study is to determine the incidence/progression of hiatal hernia (HH) after robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (RA-CABG) surgery. Methods: We reviewed the pre- and post-operative computed tomography (CT) of 491 patients who underwent RA-CABG between 2000 and 2017. Post-operative CT was acquired prospectively in a research protocol. CT was reviewed to assess the presence and the size of HH. Results: We found 444/491 (90.4%) had pre-operative CT, while 201/491 (40.9%) had post-operative CT. In total, 155/491 (31.6%) had both pre- and long-term post-operative CT with a mean follow-up of 6.2 (±3.5) years. HH was more prevalent on post-operative CT, 64/155 (41.3%) compared to pre-operative CT, 44/155 (28.4%), P<0.0001. The diameter of pre-existing HH 2.8 (±1.8) cm was significantly greater after surgery 3.9 (±2.5) cm, P<0.0001. As well the volume of the pre-existing HH 5.8 (4.4-9.2) mL (quartile) was significantly greater after surgery 14.1 (7.2-64.9) mL, P<0.0001. 20/155 (12.9%) had a newly developed HH after RA-CABG. A binary multivariate regression including HH risk factors showed that male gender is a predictor of developing a HH after RA-CABG with Hazard Ratio of 3.038, confidence interval (1.10-8.43), P=0.033. Conclusions: RA-CABG is associated with an increased risk of developing HH and increases the size of pre-existing HH.
- Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
- Hiatal hernia (HH)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine