Herpes simplex activation prolongs recovery from severe burn injury and increases bacterial infection risk

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recovery from severe burn injury is complicated by infections that are result of immune suppression created by massive inflammatory states. One indication of immune suppression may be activation of viruses like herpes simplex virus (HSV), which may negatively impact recovery. A 5-year retrospective review was performed of adult patients with ≥30% TBSA burn injury. TBSA burn injury, length of hospital stay, ventilator days, mortality, and cultures were reviewed. Twenty-one patients had cutaneous HSV activation (HSV+) and 50 did not (HSV-). Age (44.2 vs 39.8 years) and TBSA burn injury (45.9 vs 45.5%) did not differ between the groups. Length of hospital stay (60.9 vs 39.8 days, P < .05) and ventilator days (34.9 vs 22.2 days, P < .05) were greater in HSV+ patients. HSV activation increased hospital stay (odds ratio [OR] 1.6, confidence interval [CI] 1.08-2.39, P < .05) and mechanical ventilation (OR 1.02, CI 1.00-1.05, P < .05). HSV activation increased the risk of developing positive Acinetobacter baumannii pulmonary cultures (OR 6.4, CI 1.8-22.3, P < .05) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus wound cultures (OR 3.3, CI 1.2-9.6, P < .05). HSV activation also increased the risk of developing any positive A. baumannii cultures (OR 9.1, CI 1.9-44, P < .05). HSV activation during severe burn injury is associated with increased length of mechanical ventilation and hospital stay. In addition, these patients have an increased risk of infections from opportunistic bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-397
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Herpes Simplex
Simplexvirus
Bacterial Infections
Virus Activation
Length of Stay
Wounds and Injuries
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Acinetobacter baumannii
Mechanical Ventilators
Artificial Respiration
Opportunistic Infections
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bacteria
Lung
Skin
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery

Cite this

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title = "Herpes simplex activation prolongs recovery from severe burn injury and increases bacterial infection risk",
abstract = "Recovery from severe burn injury is complicated by infections that are result of immune suppression created by massive inflammatory states. One indication of immune suppression may be activation of viruses like herpes simplex virus (HSV), which may negatively impact recovery. A 5-year retrospective review was performed of adult patients with ≥30{\%} TBSA burn injury. TBSA burn injury, length of hospital stay, ventilator days, mortality, and cultures were reviewed. Twenty-one patients had cutaneous HSV activation (HSV+) and 50 did not (HSV-). Age (44.2 vs 39.8 years) and TBSA burn injury (45.9 vs 45.5{\%}) did not differ between the groups. Length of hospital stay (60.9 vs 39.8 days, P < .05) and ventilator days (34.9 vs 22.2 days, P < .05) were greater in HSV+ patients. HSV activation increased hospital stay (odds ratio [OR] 1.6, confidence interval [CI] 1.08-2.39, P < .05) and mechanical ventilation (OR 1.02, CI 1.00-1.05, P < .05). HSV activation increased the risk of developing positive Acinetobacter baumannii pulmonary cultures (OR 6.4, CI 1.8-22.3, P < .05) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus wound cultures (OR 3.3, CI 1.2-9.6, P < .05). HSV activation also increased the risk of developing any positive A. baumannii cultures (OR 9.1, CI 1.9-44, P < .05). HSV activation during severe burn injury is associated with increased length of mechanical ventilation and hospital stay. In addition, these patients have an increased risk of infections from opportunistic bacteria.",
author = "Soman Sen and Nova Szoka and Phan, {Ho H} and Palmieri, {Tina L} and Greenhalgh, {David G}",
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T1 - Herpes simplex activation prolongs recovery from severe burn injury and increases bacterial infection risk

AU - Sen, Soman

AU - Szoka, Nova

AU - Phan, Ho H

AU - Palmieri, Tina L

AU - Greenhalgh, David G

PY - 2012/5

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N2 - Recovery from severe burn injury is complicated by infections that are result of immune suppression created by massive inflammatory states. One indication of immune suppression may be activation of viruses like herpes simplex virus (HSV), which may negatively impact recovery. A 5-year retrospective review was performed of adult patients with ≥30% TBSA burn injury. TBSA burn injury, length of hospital stay, ventilator days, mortality, and cultures were reviewed. Twenty-one patients had cutaneous HSV activation (HSV+) and 50 did not (HSV-). Age (44.2 vs 39.8 years) and TBSA burn injury (45.9 vs 45.5%) did not differ between the groups. Length of hospital stay (60.9 vs 39.8 days, P < .05) and ventilator days (34.9 vs 22.2 days, P < .05) were greater in HSV+ patients. HSV activation increased hospital stay (odds ratio [OR] 1.6, confidence interval [CI] 1.08-2.39, P < .05) and mechanical ventilation (OR 1.02, CI 1.00-1.05, P < .05). HSV activation increased the risk of developing positive Acinetobacter baumannii pulmonary cultures (OR 6.4, CI 1.8-22.3, P < .05) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus wound cultures (OR 3.3, CI 1.2-9.6, P < .05). HSV activation also increased the risk of developing any positive A. baumannii cultures (OR 9.1, CI 1.9-44, P < .05). HSV activation during severe burn injury is associated with increased length of mechanical ventilation and hospital stay. In addition, these patients have an increased risk of infections from opportunistic bacteria.

AB - Recovery from severe burn injury is complicated by infections that are result of immune suppression created by massive inflammatory states. One indication of immune suppression may be activation of viruses like herpes simplex virus (HSV), which may negatively impact recovery. A 5-year retrospective review was performed of adult patients with ≥30% TBSA burn injury. TBSA burn injury, length of hospital stay, ventilator days, mortality, and cultures were reviewed. Twenty-one patients had cutaneous HSV activation (HSV+) and 50 did not (HSV-). Age (44.2 vs 39.8 years) and TBSA burn injury (45.9 vs 45.5%) did not differ between the groups. Length of hospital stay (60.9 vs 39.8 days, P < .05) and ventilator days (34.9 vs 22.2 days, P < .05) were greater in HSV+ patients. HSV activation increased hospital stay (odds ratio [OR] 1.6, confidence interval [CI] 1.08-2.39, P < .05) and mechanical ventilation (OR 1.02, CI 1.00-1.05, P < .05). HSV activation increased the risk of developing positive Acinetobacter baumannii pulmonary cultures (OR 6.4, CI 1.8-22.3, P < .05) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus wound cultures (OR 3.3, CI 1.2-9.6, P < .05). HSV activation also increased the risk of developing any positive A. baumannii cultures (OR 9.1, CI 1.9-44, P < .05). HSV activation during severe burn injury is associated with increased length of mechanical ventilation and hospital stay. In addition, these patients have an increased risk of infections from opportunistic bacteria.

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