HER2 isoforms uniquely program intratumor heterogeneity and predetermine breast cancer trajectories during the occult tumorigenic phase

Joshua D. Ginzel, Chaitanya R. Acharya, Veronica Lubkov, Hidetoshi Mori, Peter G. Boone, Lauren K. Rochelle, Wendy Roberts, Jeffrey I. Everitt, Zachary C. Hartman, Erika J. Crosby, Lawrence S. Barak, Marc G. Caron, Jane Q. Chen, Neil E. Hubbard, Robert D. Cardiff, Alexander D. Borowsky, H. Kim Lyerly, Joshua C. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Her2 positive breast cancers are among the most heterogeneous breast cancer subtypes. The early amplification of Her2 and its known oncogenic isoforms provide a plausible mechanism in which distinct programs of tumor heterogeneity could be traced to the initial oncogenic event. Here a Cancer rainbow mouse simultaneously expressing fluorescently barcoded wildtype (WTHER2), exon-16 null (d16HER2), and N-terminally truncated (p95HER2) HER2 isoforms is used to trace tumorigenesis from initiation to invasion. Tumorigenesis was visualized using whole-gland fluorescent lineage tracing and single-cell molecular pathology. We demonstrate that within weeks of expression, morphologic aberrations were already present and unique to each HER2 isoform. Although WTHER2 cells were abundant throughout the mammary ducts, detectable lesions were exceptionally rare. In contrast, d16HER2 and p95HER2 induced rapid tumor development. d16HER2 incited homogenous and proliferative luminal-like lesions which infrequently progressed to invasive phenotypes whereas p95HER2 lesions were heterogenous and invasive at the smallest detectable stage. Distinct cancer trajectories were observed for d16HER2 and p95HER2 tumors as evidenced by oncogene dependent changes in epithelial specification and the tumor microenvironment. These data provide direct experimental evidence that intratumor heterogeneity programs begin very early and well in advance of screen or clinically detectable breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'HER2 isoforms uniquely program intratumor heterogeneity and predetermine breast cancer trajectories during the occult tumorigenic phase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this