Heptachlor epoxide induces a non-capacitative type of Ca2+ entry and immediate early gene expression in mouse hepatoma cells

Mark E. Hansen, Isaac N Pessah, Fumio Matsumura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The effects of the organochlorine (OC) liver tumor promoter heptachlor epoxide (HE) and a related non-tumor promoting OC, delta-hexachlorocyclohexane (δ-HCH), on the dynamics of intracellular calcium (Ca2+) were investigated in mouse 1c1c7 hepatoma cells. HE induced a non-capacitative, Ca2+ entry-like phenomenon, which was transient and concentration-dependent with 10 and 50 μM HE. The plasma membrane Ca 2+ channel blocker SKF-96365 antagonized this HE-induced Ca 2+ entry. δ-HCH failed to induce Ca2+ entry, rather it antagonized the HE-induced Ca2+ entry. Both HE and δ-HCH induced Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) at treatment concentrations as low as 10 μM; at 50 μM, the former induced 5× as much Ca2+ release as the latter. The HE-induced Ca2+ release from the ER was antagonized using the IP3 receptor/channel blocker xestospongin C, suggesting that HE induces ER Ca2+ release through the IP3 receptor/channel pore. These results show that the effect of HE on cellular Ca2+ mimics that of mitogens such as epidermal and hepatocyte growth factors. They also provide insight into the similarities and differences between tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic OCs, in terms of the mechanisms and the extent of the [Ca2+]i increased by these agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-231
Number of pages14
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Mar 15 2006


  • Ca entry
  • Delta-HCH
  • Hepatoma cells
  • Heptachlor epoxide
  • Intracellular Ca
  • Liver cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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