Hepatocyte-specific mutation establishes retinoid X receptor α as a heterodimeric integrator of multiple physiological processes in the liver

Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan, Dahsing An, Yan Cai, Joyce J. Repa, Tim Hung Po Chen, Monica Flores, Catherine Postic, Mark A. Magnuson, Ju Chen, Kenneth R. Chien, Samuel French, David J. Mangelsdorf, Henry M. Sucov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

191 Scopus citations

Abstract

A large number of physiological processes in the adult liver are regulated by nuclear receptors that require heterodimerization with retinoid X receptors (RXRs). In this study, we have used cre-mediated recombination to disrupt the mouse RXRα gene specifically in hepatocytes. Although such mice are viable, molecular and biochemical parameters indicate that every one of the examined metabolic pathways in the liver (mediated by RXR heterodimerization with PPARα, CARβ, PXR, LXR, and FXR) is compromised in the absence of RXRα. These data demonstrate the presence of a complex circuitry in which RXRα is integrated into a number of diverse physiological pathways as a common regulatory component of cholesterol, fatty acid, bile acid, steroid, and xenobiotic metabolism and homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4436-4444
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Wan, Y-J. Y., An, D., Cai, Y., Repa, J. J., Chen, T. H. P., Flores, M., Postic, C., Magnuson, M. A., Chen, J., Chien, K. R., French, S., Mangelsdorf, D. J., & Sucov, H. M. (2000). Hepatocyte-specific mutation establishes retinoid X receptor α as a heterodimeric integrator of multiple physiological processes in the liver. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 20(12), 4436-4444. https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.20.12.4436-4444.2000