Hepatitis B among Asian Americans: Prevalence, progress, and prospects for control

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

After tobacco use, chronic hepatitis B (CHB) viral infections are the most important cause of cancer globally in that 1 out of 3 individuals have been infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Though infection rates are low (<1%) in the United States, Asian Americans who comprise about 6% of the population experience about 60% of the CHB burden. This paper reviews the magnitude of hepatitis B (HBV) burden among Asian Americans and the progress being made to mitigate this burden, primarily through localized, communitybased efforts to increase screening and vaccination among Asian American children, adolescents, and adults. This review brings to light that despite the numerous community-based screening efforts, a vast majority of Asian Americans have not been screened and that vaccination efforts, particularly for adults, are sub-optimal. Greater efforts to integrate screenings by providers within existing healthcare systems are urged. Evidence-based strategies are offered to implement CDC's three major recommendations to control and prevent hepatitis B through targeted screening and enhanced vaccination efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11924-11930
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume21
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2015

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Chronic hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis B
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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