Hemoperitoneum

Cassie N. Lux, William T Culp, Matthew S. Mellema

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Hemoperitoneum is a relatively common disease process diagnosed in small animal medicine, although its true prevalence in veterinary patients is unknown. It is classified into two broad categories based on the etiology: traumatic and spontaneous (nontraumatic). Clinical signs can vary depending upon the disease process present, but every patient should have a complete physical examination performed. A brief evaluation of several systems, including the cardiovascular, respiratory, central nervous, and urinary systems, should be performed to determine the overall stability of the patient. A recently developed technique, focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) scans, has been documented to provide quick and accurate information regarding the presence of blood in the abdomen. General complications that can occur with any surgical procedure include anesthetic risks, incisional complications, and hemorrhage. Long-term prognosis in cases of spontaneous hemoperitoneum is more variable and dependent on the etiology of hemoperitoneum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSmall Animal Surgical Emergencies
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Pages105-115
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781118487181
ISBN (Print)9781118413487
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2015

Fingerprint

Hemoperitoneum
etiology
cardiovascular system
Cardiovascular System
anesthetics
abdomen
Abdomen
ultrasonography
clinical examination
prognosis
Physical Examination
hemorrhage
Anesthetics
Ultrasonography
medicine
Central Nervous System
surgery
Medicine
Hemorrhage
blood

Keywords

  • FAST scans
  • Spontaneous hemoperitoneum
  • Surgical management
  • Traumatic hemoperitoneum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Lux, C. N., Culp, W. T., & Mellema, M. S. (2015). Hemoperitoneum. In Small Animal Surgical Emergencies (pp. 105-115). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118487181.ch10

Hemoperitoneum. / Lux, Cassie N.; Culp, William T; Mellema, Matthew S.

Small Animal Surgical Emergencies. Wiley Blackwell, 2015. p. 105-115.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Lux, CN, Culp, WT & Mellema, MS 2015, Hemoperitoneum. in Small Animal Surgical Emergencies. Wiley Blackwell, pp. 105-115. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118487181.ch10
Lux CN, Culp WT, Mellema MS. Hemoperitoneum. In Small Animal Surgical Emergencies. Wiley Blackwell. 2015. p. 105-115 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118487181.ch10
Lux, Cassie N. ; Culp, William T ; Mellema, Matthew S. / Hemoperitoneum. Small Animal Surgical Emergencies. Wiley Blackwell, 2015. pp. 105-115
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