Objective: The research quantitatively evaluates the dosimetric advantage of a helical tomotherapy (HT) intensity-modulated radiation therapy simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) compared to a conventional HT sequential (SEQ) boost for primary intracranial tumors. Methods: Hypothetical lesions (planning target volumes or PTVs) were contoured within computed tomography scans from normal controls. A dose of 50 Gy was prescribed to the larger PTV1, while the boost PTV2 received a total of 60 Gy. HT SEQ and HT SIB plans were generated and compared. We evaluated the mean brain dose, the volume of normal brain receiving 45 Gy (V45), the volume of normal brain receiving 5 Gy (V5), and the integral dose. In addition, patients who were treated with the HT SEQ technique were replanned with the HT SIB technique and compared. Results: The average reduction in mean brain dose with the HT SIB plan compared to the composite HT SEQ plan was 11.0% [standard error (SE): 0.5]. The reductions in brains V45 and V5 were 43.7% (SE: 2.3) and 3.9% (SE: 0.6), respectively. The reduction in the integral dose was 11.0% (SE: 0.5). When comparing the SIB plan to the first 50 Gy only of the SEQ plan, there was only a 2.5% increase in the mean brain dose and a 2.9% increase in brain V45. This increase was dependent on the relative volumes of PTV2 and PTV1. These results were confirmed for the patient plans compared. Conclusions: Treating primary brain tumors with the HT SIB technique provides significant sparing of normal brain parenchyma compared to a conventional HT SEQ boost.
- Brain sparing
- Radiation-induced encephalopathy
- Simultaneous integrated boost
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology